TALE nickase-mediated SP110 knockin endows cattle with increased resistance to tuberculosis.

Abstract

Transcription activator-like effector nuclease (TALEN)-mediated genome modification has been applied successfully to create transgenic animals in various species, such as mouse, pig, and even monkey. However, transgenic cattle with gene knockin have yet to be created using TALENs. Here, we report site-specific knockin of the transcription activator-like effector (TALE) nickase-mediated SP110 nuclear body protein gene (SP110) via homologous recombination to produce tuberculosis-resistant cattle. In vitro and in vivo challenge and transmission experiments proved that the transgenic cattle are able to control the growth and multiplication of Mycobacterium bovis, turn on the apoptotic pathway of cell death instead of necrosis after infection, and efficiently resist the low dose of M. bovis transmitted from tuberculous cattle in nature. In this study, we developed TALE nickases to modify the genome of Holstein-Friesian cattle, thereby engineering a heritable genome modification that facilitates resistance to tuberculosis.

DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1421587112

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@article{Wu2015TALENS, title={TALE nickase-mediated SP110 knockin endows cattle with increased resistance to tuberculosis.}, author={Haibo Wu and Yongsheng Wang and Yan Zhang and Mingqi Yang and Jiaxing Lv and Jun Liu and Yong Zhang}, journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America}, year={2015}, volume={112 13}, pages={E1530-9} }