TACHINIDAE: evolution, behavior, and ecology.

@article{Stireman2006TACHINIDAEEB,
  title={TACHINIDAE: evolution, behavior, and ecology.},
  author={John O. Stireman and James E O'hara and David M. Wood},
  journal={Annual review of entomology},
  year={2006},
  volume={51},
  pages={
          525-55
        }
}
Tachinidae are one of the most diverse and ecologically important families in the order Diptera. As parasitoids, they are important natural enemies in most terrestrial ecological communities, particularly as natural enemies of larval Lepidoptera. Despite their diversity and ecological impact, relatively little is known about the evolution and ecology of tachinids, and what is known tends to be widely dispersed in specialized reports, journals, or texts. In this review we synthesize information… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Latitudinal patterns in tachinid parasitoid diversity (Diptera: Tachinidae): a review of the evidence
TLDR
It is suggested that New World Tachinidae likely conform to the same negative relationship between latitude and richness as their largely phytophagous host taxa, and why they may differ from their hymenopteran parasitoid counterparts.
An endoparasitoid Cretaceous fly and the evolution of parasitoidism
TLDR
The results suggest that eremochaetids are among the earliest definite records of parasitoid insects and reveal an unexpected morphological specialization of flies and broaden the understanding of the evolution and diversity of ancient parasitoids.
Extraordinary diversification of the “bristle flies” (Diptera: Tachinidae) and its underlying causes
TLDR
It is found that the Tachinidae are among the most rapidly diversifying families of animals and evaluated the strengths and weaknesses of different Maximum Likelihood and Bayesian approaches for analysing diversification and the potential for extrinsic factors, such as geography, to influence patterns of richness and diversification.
Species Richness and Host Associations of Lepidoptera-Attacking Tachinidae in the Northeast Ecuadorian Andes
TLDR
Additional rearing of Lepidoptera, as well as other herbivorous insect taxa, along with the use of additional collecting methods will be necessary to achieve a more accurate understanding of the richness of tropical Tachinidae and their contribution to broader patterns of tropical biodiversity.
Study of the biology of the Tachinidae family
TLDR
This collection consists of bibliographical research on the Muscoid dipterans of the Tachinidae Family and conceptual aspects such as: geographical distribution, hosts, species, life cycle and reproduction.
ECOLOGY AND POPULATION BIOLOGY and Diversity of a Tachinid Parasitoid Community Over Space and Time
Many species of Tachinidae are important parasitoids of herbivorous insects in natural and managed systems; yet, little is known about tachinid diversity and how this diversity is distributed across
High species richness of tachinid parasitoids (Diptera: Calyptratae) sampled with a Malaise trap in Baihua Mountain Reserve, Beijing, China
TLDR
This work reports on tachinid flies collected by a Malaise trap over 73 weeks in Baihua Mountain Reserve, northern China, and investigates the patterns of local species richness and its temporal distribution.
Tachinid (Diptera: Tachinidae) Parasitoid Diversity and Temporal Abundance at a Single Site in the Northeastern United States
TLDR
The results provide a baseline for understanding the temporal and spatial diversity of these ecologically and agronomically important parasitoids.
Community ecology of the 'other' parasitoids.
  • J. O. Stireman
  • Biology, Environmental Science
    Current opinion in insect science
  • 2016
Specialised generalists? Food web structure of a tropical tachinid‐caterpillar community
TLDR
An exemplar tropical tachinid‐host food web is established, providing insight into the diversity and interactions of these important parasitoids, and additional studies are needed to determine how these interactions vary across environmental and geographic gradients.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 196 REFERENCES
DETERMINANTS OF PARASITOID–HOST ASSOCIATIONS: INSIGHTS FROM A NATURAL TACHINID–LEPIDOPTERAN COMMUNITY
TLDR
It is found that a substantial amount of the variation in tachinid species richness and parasitism rates among hosts can be ex- plained by ecological attributes, and that interactions of host species with their host plants and predators may determine their suitability as hosts for parasitoids.
What determines host range in parasitoids? An analysis of a tachinid parasitoid community
TLDR
The results of this study suggest that ecological factors are important determinants of host use in these parasitoids and although phylogenetic history may influence the range of hosts used, its power to explain the ecological or taxonomic character ofhosts used appears limited.
Diptera as parasitoids.
TLDR
This review focuses on several aspects of the bionomics of dipteran parasitoids that have received little comprehensive treatment, including processes associated with host location and attack, patterns of host use, and the evolutionary and ecological consequences of host-parasitoid interactions.
The Siphonini - Diptera-Tachinidae - Of Europe
TLDR
This group of tachinid Diptera totals 58 species in Europe of which 6 are here described as new to science, which is of great economic interest as agents for the control of lepidopterous and tipulid pests in agriculture and forestry.
Insect parasitoids an evolutionary overview
TLDR
The parasitoid lifeway has arisen most commonly in the Diptera, where it has evolved independently in 21 families (probably over 100 times) and has arisen in 11 coleopteran families but probably only once in the Hymenoptera.
Host Recognition Behavior of the Tachinid Parasitoid, Compsilura concinnata
TLDR
The host recognition behavior of Compsilura concinnata (Meigen) (Diptera: Tachinidae) was investigated by exposing hosts of various types to female parasitoids and observing them, suggesting that the parasitoid must physically contact a host before examinations and attacks occur.
Comparisons of dipteran, hymenopteran and coleopteran parasitoids: provisional phylogenetic explanations
We consider differences between dipteran, hymenopteran and coleopteran parasitoids in the following categories: taxonomic range and developmental stage of hosts attacked; habitats they are attacked
The biology of the phonotactic parasitoid, Homotrixa sp. (Diptera: Tachinidae), and its impact on the survival of male Sciarasaga quadrata (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) in the field
Abstract. 1 Unlike most parasitoids, tachinid flies of the tribe Ormiini use sound to locate their hosts. Although thought to exert selection pressure on their host's calling behaviour, little is
The Introduction, Establishment, and Spread ofOrmia depletain Florida
TLDR
The most parsimonious explanation of the pathways of spread of the current population was inferred from trapping surveys, and this yielded the probable year of colonization for peninsular counties.
Host location and selection cues in a generalist tachinid parasitoid
TLDR
The use of general olfactory and visual cues by E. mella may be an effective strategy by this polyphagous parasitoid to locate and accept hosts and how the cues used may reflect its ecological relationships with hosts.
...
...