T-cell number and subtype influence the disease course of primary chronic lymphocytic leukaemia xenografts in alymphoid mice

Abstract

Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) cells require microenvironmental support for their proliferation. This can be recapitulated in highly immunocompromised hosts in the presence of T cells and other supporting cells. Current primary CLL xenograft models suffer from limited duration of tumour cell engraftment coupled with gradual T-cell outgrowth. Thus, a greater understanding of the interaction between CLL and T cells could improve their utility. In this study, using two distinct mouse xenograft models, we investigated whether xenografts recapitulate CLL biology, including natural environmental interactions with B-cell receptors and T cells, and whether manipulation of autologous T cells can expand the duration of CLL engraftment. We observed that primary CLL xenografts recapitulated both the tumour phenotype and T-cell repertoire observed in patients and that engraftment was significantly shorter for progressive tumours. A reduction in the number of patient T cells that were injected into the mice to 2-5% of the initial number or specific depletion of CD8(+) cells extended the limited xenograft duration of progressive cases to that characteristic of indolent disease. We conclude that manipulation of T cells can enhance current CLL xenograft models and thus expand their utility for investigation of tumour biology and pre-clinical drug assessment.

DOI: 10.1242/dmm.021147

Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Oldreive2015TcellNA, title={T-cell number and subtype influence the disease course of primary chronic lymphocytic leukaemia xenografts in alymphoid mice}, author={Ceri E. Oldreive and Anna Skowronska and Nicholas J. Davies and Helen Marie Parry and Angelo Agathanggelou and Sergey V Krysov and G. Packham and Zbigniew Rudzki and Laura M Cronin and Katerina Vrzalikova and Paul Gerard Murray and Elena Odintsova and Guy Pratt and Alexander Taylor and Paul Moss and Tatjana R. Stankovic}, booktitle={Disease models & mechanisms}, year={2015} }