T-cell help for cytotoxic T lymphocytes is mediated by CD40–CD40L interactions

@article{Schoenberger1998TcellHF,
  title={T-cell help for cytotoxic T lymphocytes is mediated by CD40–CD40L interactions},
  author={Stephen P. Schoenberger and Rene Everardus Maria Toes and Ellen van der Voort and Rienk Offringa and Cornelis J M Melief},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1998},
  volume={393},
  pages={480-483}
}
Although in vivo priming of CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) generally requires the participation of CD4+ T-helper lymphocytes,, the nature of the ‘help’ provided to CTLs is unknown. One widely held view is that help for CTLs is mediated by cytokines produced by T-helper cells activated in proximity to the CTL precursor at the surface of an antigen-presenting cell (APC). An alternative theory is that, rather than being directly supplied to the CTL by the helper cell, help is delivered… 

Cd40-Independent Pathways of T Cell Help for Priming of Cd8+ Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes

TLDR
An in vitro system using dendritic cells (DCs) as APCs and influenza hemagglutinin (HA) class I and II peptide–specific T cell antigen receptor transgenic T cells as cytotoxic T lymphocyte precursors and CD4+ T helper cells found that CD4 + T cells can provide potent help for DCs to activate CD8+ T cells when antigen is provided.

CD 40-independent Pathways of T Cell Help for Priming of CD 8 1 Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes

TLDR
An in vitro system using dendritic cells (DCs) as APCs and influenza hemagglutinin (HA) class I and II peptide–specific T cell antigen receptor transgenic T cells as cytotoxic T lymphocyte precursors and CD4 1 T helper cells found that CD4 2 T cells can provide potent help for DCs to activate CD8 1 T cells when antigen is provided.

The role of CD40 in peripheral T cell tolerance and immunity

TLDR
Intervention of CD40–CD40L interactions can result in enhancement or down-modulation of T cell reactivity and therefore modulation of these interactions may form the foundation of new treatment modalities directed against malignancies, allergies, organ rejections and autoimmunity.

The critical role of CD40/CD40L in the CD4‐dependent generation of CD8+ T cell immunity

TLDR
It is important that CD40 and its ligand, CD40L, have been implicated in the provision of this help and, in particular, the generation of long‐lasting CTL memory.

CD4+ T cells are required for secondary expansion and memory in CD8+ T lymphocytes

TLDR
The results demonstrate that T-cell help is ‘programmed’ into CD8+ T cells during priming, conferring on these cells a hallmark of immune response memory: the capacity for functional expansion on re-encounter with antigen.

CD8 T cell priming by B lymphocytes is CD4 help dependent

TLDR
In vitro experiments found that while B lymphocytes can directly prime CD4 T cells, the activation of CD8 T cells requires T cell help, and point to the previously unappreciated fact that the induction ofCD8 T cell responses by B lymphocyte requires Tcell help.

Direct demonstration of CD4 T cell cooperation in the primary in vivo generation of CD4 effector T cells.

TLDR
It is demonstrated that the activation of CD4 T cells, specific for the hen egg lysozyme (HEL)(105) (-120) peptide, is optimally achieved when BALB/c mice are immunized with additional MHC class II-binding HEL peptides in incomplete Freund's adjuvant.

Complementary Dendritic Cell–activating Function of CD8+ and CD4+ T Cells

TLDR
The ability of class I-restricted CD8+ T cells to coactivate and polarize DCs may support the induction of Th1-type responses against class I–presented epitopes of intracellular pathogens and contact allergens, and may have therapeutical implications in cancer and chronic infections.

CD8 T lymphocyte mobilization to virus-infected tissue requires CD4 T-cell help

TLDR
The results reveal a previously unappreciated role of CD4 help in mobilizing effector CTL to the peripheral sites of infection where they help to eliminate infected cells.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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