T-cell activation is an immune correlate of risk in BCG vaccinated infants

@inproceedings{Fletcher2016TcellAI,
  title={T-cell activation is an immune correlate of risk in BCG vaccinated infants},
  author={Helen A Fletcher and Margaret Ann Snowden and Bernard S. Landry and Wasima Rida and Iman Satti and Stephanie A. Harris and Magali M. L. Matsumiya and Rachel Tanner and Matthew K. O'Shea and Veerabadran Dheenadhayalan and Leah Bogardus and Lisa Stockdale and Leanne Marsay and Agnieszka Chomka and Rachel Harrington-Kandt and Zita-Rose Manjaly-Thomas and Vivek Naranbhai and Elena Stylianou and Fatoumatta Darboe and Adam Penn-Nicholson and Elisa Nemes and Mark Hatherill and Gregory Dudley Hussey and Hassan Mahomed and Michele Tameris and J. Bruce McClain and T. Garfield Evans and Willem Albert Hanekom and Thomas J Scriba and Helen McShane},
  booktitle={Nature communications},
  year={2016}
}
Vaccines to protect against tuberculosis (TB) are urgently needed. We performed a case-control analysis to identify immune correlates of TB disease risk in Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) immunized infants from the MVA85A efficacy trial. Among 53 TB case infants and 205 matched controls, the frequency of activated HLA-DR(+) CD4(+) T cells associates with increased TB disease risk (OR=1.828, 95% CI=1.25-2.68, P=0.002, FDR=0.04, conditional logistic regression). In an independent study of… CONTINUE READING
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