Systems of Partial Control: Ethnic Dynamics in Post-Soviet Estonia and Latvia

  title={Systems of Partial Control: Ethnic Dynamics in Post-Soviet Estonia and Latvia},
  author={Michele E. Commercio},
  journal={Studies in Comparative International Development},
This article offers a theory to capture ethnic dynamics in post-Soviet Estonia and Latvia. It also explores a research question of great interest to political scientists, historians, sociologists, and economists: what accounts for stability in deeply divided societies? Drawing on Ian Lustick’s formulation of control, the author suggests that stability in deeply divided societies is a result of conscious efforts made by elites to construct what she calls “systems of partial control.” In such… 

Fragmentation of Political Authority and Bureaucratic Entrepreneurship: Explaining Instances of Minority Accommodation in Israel and Estonia

  • Olga Talal
  • Political Science, Sociology
    Comparative Political Studies
  • 2022
Why do some ethnic nation-states committed to preferential treatment of the dominant nation choose to accommodate their ethnic minorities in some realms? I argue that power struggles between elected

Citizenship, Collective Identity and the International Impact on Integration Policy in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania

GORBACHEV’S LIBERALISATION POLICY DURING PERESTROIKA and the increasing demands for national self-determination of the Baltic republics revealed a hitherto suppressed lack of popular legitimacy for

Ethnic Domination in Deeply Divided Places

  • Guido Panzano
  • Sociology, Political Science
    Premio Cesare Alfieri «Cum Laude»
  • 2021
This volume examines the concept of ethnic domination and its manifestations in Israel (within the Green Line) and Estonia. Ethnic domination is a method of managing ethnic differences in multiethnic

Nationalizing states revisited: projects and processes of nationalization in post-Soviet states

Abstract This paper analyses Estonia, Latvia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan as nationalizing states, focusing on four domains: ethnopolitical demography, language repertoires and practices, the polity and

Representing the Unrepresented: Alternative Minority Institutions and the Legitimacy of the Russian-Speaking Minority's Political Voice in Estonia and Latvia

In recent years, in both Estonia and Latvia, Russian-speaking minority activists experimented with alternative political representation. Starting from the premise that the Russian-speaking minority

Structural violence and horizontal inequalities: conflict in southern Kyrgyzstan

ABSTRACT This article, which offers a new theoretical explanation of the violence between Kyrgyz and Uzbeks that emerged in southern Kyrgyzstan in 2010, explores the importance of historical legacies

The rights of minorities in the European Union

With the coming into force of the Lisbon Treaty, EU law now contains explicit references to minority rights in Article 2 TEU and Article 21 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights. Combined with other


The article analyses the neighbourhood effect in the voting behaviour of the Latvians at the four recent parliamentary elections, the ethnic and national leaning of parties considered. The study

Representing minorities in the city. Education policies and minority incorporation in the capital cities of Estonia and Latvia†

This article explores the relationship between minority city-level and state-level political representations through the analysis of the contested implementation of state education policies in

Identity and Media-use Strategies of the Estonian and Latvian Russian-speaking Populations Amid Political Crisis

Abstract In this essay, we examine the connections between media use and trust strategies, and the identity development of the Russian-speaking populations in Estonia and Latvia in the context of the



Understanding processes of ethnic control: segmentation, dependency and co–optation in post–communist Estonia

ABSTRACT. Amidst an arguably exhaustive range of studies regarding ethno-politicsin post-communist Estonia, this article sets out a new framework derived from IanLustick’s model of ethnic control. We

Ethnic Relations in Estonia’s Post-Soviet Business Community

The central focus of this paper is an analysis of the problems of ethnic relations in the post-Soviet business community and how entrepreneurs of different ethnic origins articulate them. The core

Ethnicity and independence: The case of Estonia in comparative perspective

* after the independence declaration, there was (at least on the surface) a decline in the intensity of ethnic tensions; many public signs of ethnic conflict were displayed less vividly in 1991-93

Ethnic relations, elites and democracy in the Baltic States

Among democratic transitions in post‐communist states the three Baltic states have attracted special interest because of their Russophone populations and how this group has been integrated into the

Nationality group survival in multi-ethnic states : shifting support patterns in the Soviet Baltic region

The essays in the volume are papers delivered in Professor Allworth's seminar on Soviet Nationality Problems at Columbia University during the 1975-76 school year. The volume contains three excellent

Ethnic Politics and Economic Power

This article describes and analyzes the political strategies by which ethnic majorities have successfully redressed the economic domination of an ethnic minority, but without despoiling the dominant

The Model of Ethnic Democracy

The classical model of the liberal-democratic nation-state is on the decline in the West as a result of globalization, regionalization, multiculturalism, the institutionalization of universal

The European-ness of Estonia's Ethnic Integration Policy: Nation, culture, and security in an applicant state

This article argues that the process of European Union accession prioritises the linguistic and cultural hegemony of the ethnic Estonian majority as a necessary condition of securing post-Soviet

Democracy in Plural Societies: A Comparative Exploration

While it may be difficult to achieve and maintain stable democratic governments in countries with deep religious, ideological, linguistic, cultural, or ethnic cleavages, Lijphart argues that it is