Systemic trauma.

  title={Systemic trauma.},
  author={Rachel E. Goldsmith and Christina Gamache Martin and Carly Parnitzke Smith},
  journal={Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation},
  volume={15 2},
Substantial theoretical, empirical, and clinical work examines trauma as it relates to individual victims and perpetrators. As trauma professionals, it is necessary to acknowledge facets of institutions, cultures, and communities that contribute to trauma and subsequent outcomes. Systemic trauma-contextual features of environments and institutions that give rise to trauma, maintain it, and impact posttraumatic responses-provides a framework for considering the full range of traumatic phenomena… CONTINUE READING
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