Systemic lupus erythematosus with neuropsychiatric manifestation incurs high disease costs: a cost-of-illness study in Hong Kong.

@article{Zhu2009SystemicLE,
  title={Systemic lupus erythematosus with neuropsychiatric manifestation incurs high disease costs: a cost-of-illness study in Hong Kong.},
  author={Tracy Yaner Zhu and L O Tam and Vivian W-Y Lee and Kenneth K-C Lee and Edmund Kwok-Ming Li},
  journal={Rheumatology},
  year={2009},
  volume={48 5},
  pages={564-8}
}
OBJECTIVE To determine the direct and indirect costs of SLE in Hong Kong, and to ascertain the relationship between neuropsychiatric SLE (NPSLE) and disease costs. METHODS A retrospective, cross-sectional, non-randomized cost-of-illness study was performed in a tertiary rheumatology specialty centre in Hong Kong. Participants completed questionnaires on sociodemographics, employment status and out-of-pocket expenses. Healthcare resources consumption was recorded by chart review. The… CONTINUE READING

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