Systemic lupus erythematosus and cardiovascular disease.

  title={Systemic lupus erythematosus and cardiovascular disease.},
  author={J Frosteg{\aa}rd},
  volume={17 5},
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease characterised by presence of activated immune competent cells in middle-sized and large arteries and is the major cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The risk of CVD is very high in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). SLE-related CVD and atherosclerosis are, therefore, important clinical problems but may in addition also have implications for the role of immune reactions in CVD in general. Others and we have recently demonstrated that risk factors… CONTINUE READING


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