Systemic cytokine response in murine anthrax.


Systemic pro-inflammatory cytokine release has been previously implicated as a major death-causing factor in anthrax, however, direct data have been absent. We determined the levels of IL-1 beta, IL-6 and TNF-alpha in serum of mice challenged with virulent (Ames) or attenuated (Sterne) strains of Bacillus anthracis. More than 10-fold increase in the IL… (More)