Immunological identification and characterization of extracellular serine protease-like protein encoded in a putative espP2 gene of Haemophilus parasuis.
The serum antibody response to an experimental infection by Haemophilus parasuis, the etiological agent of Glässer's disease in pigs, was characterized by ELISA measuring IgM and IgGt levels against whole-cells and outer-membrane-proteins (OMPs) as antigens. Five groups of pigs were studied, four of those were previously immunized with different formulations, and the fifth was maintained as non-immunized control. All groups were challenged with 5x10(9) CFU of H. parasuis. The non-commercial bacterin induced a full protection against disease, the OMP-vaccine and the exposure to a sublethal dose of 10(5) CFU protected only partially, and the recombinant TbpB-vaccine conferred no protection. The humoral response in the pigs that died after infection (all controls, all those vaccinated with the recombinant TbpB, and two of both those inoculated with OMPs and those exposed to the sublethal dose) could be only measured before it, but it was irrelevant in all cases. However, a specific IgM and IgGt production was observed before challenge in all the surviving pigs, irrespective of the type of immunization received. This antibody response was even greater after H. parasuis infection, especially in those survivors receiving the sublethal dose. These results suggest a role of the antibodies developed after the different immunization protocols in preventing infection and death; therefore, the humoral immunity is protective against experimental Glässer's disease.