Systemic and pulmonary venous connections in visceral heterotaxy with asplenia. Diagnostic and surgical considerations based on seventy-two autopsied cases.

@article{Rubino1995SystemicAP,
  title={Systemic and pulmonary venous connections in visceral heterotaxy with asplenia. Diagnostic and surgical considerations based on seventy-two autopsied cases.},
  author={Maurizio Giosu{\`e} Rubino and Stella Van Praagh and Keishi Kadoba and Renzo Pessotto and Richard Van Praagh},
  journal={The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery},
  year={1995},
  volume={110 3},
  pages={641-50}
}
To facilitate the preoperative diagnosis and surgical management of visceral heterotaxy and asplenia, 72 postmortem cases were reviewed with particular attention focused on the systemic and pulmonary venous connections. The superior vena cava was bilateral in 51 cases (71%), but in 9 cases one of the superior venae cavae was partly or totally atretic. Patent bilateral superior venae cavae were found in 42 cases (58%) and the superior vena cava was unilateral in 21 (29%). Although the inferior… CONTINUE READING