Systemic Immediate Allergic Reactions to Arthropod Stings and Bites

  title={Systemic Immediate Allergic Reactions to Arthropod Stings and Bites},
  author={Andreas J. Bircher},
  pages={119 - 127}
  • A. Bircher
  • Published 1 February 2005
  • Medicine
  • Dermatology
Most of the encounters with biting and stinging insects result in more or less pronounced localized reactions. Typically, urticarial wheals and papular reactions are observed. Less often local bullous or hemorrhagic or disseminated papular reactions, particularly in children and immunologically naive adults, may be seen. With the exception of bee and wasp venom allergies, immediate-type allergic reactions to arthropod stings and bites are rare. Systemic IgE-mediated hypersensitivity has also… 

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