Systematics of the Pacific monkey‐faced bats (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae), with a new species of Pteralopex and a new Fijian genus

  title={Systematics of the Pacific monkey‐faced bats (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae), with a new species of Pteralopex and a new Fijian genus},
  author={Kristofer M. Helgen},
  journal={Systematics and Biodiversity},
  pages={433 - 453}
  • K. Helgen
  • Published 1 November 2005
  • Biology
  • Systematics and Biodiversity
Abstract The fruit‐bat genus Pteralopex comprises the monkey‐faced bats, a group of six endangered species found only in old‐growth forests on certain islands in the south‐west Pacific (the Solomon Islands and Fiji). The taxonomy of the genus is reviewed in detail and updated accordingly. Two ‘cryptic’ biological species are shown to occur in sympatry on both Bougainville and Choiseul in the northern Solomon Islands (corresponding to Pteralopex anceps Andersen, 1909 and a previously undescribed… 
Pacific Flying Foxes (Mammalia: Chiroptera): Two New Species of Pteropus from Samoa, Probably Extinct
Two new flying foxes from the Samoan archipelago are described on the basis of modern museum specimens collected in the mid-19th century, one of which is smaller bodied and has much smaller teeth than both extant congeners recorded in the contemporary fauna of Samoa.
Phylogeography of Southeast Asian flying foxes (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae: Pteropus)
A combination of phylogenetics and population genetics is used to determine the population connectivity of two commonly studied Pteropus hosts that are of interest to the disease ecology community, P. vampyrus and P. alecto, which are important for predictions of pathogen diversity, aggressiveness, and transmission.
It is suggested that both previously described species of Dyacopterus co-occur on the Sunda Shelf and are identified as representatives of a distinctive new species, DyACopterus rickarti, which differs from the Sundaic taxa in its much larger size, unique palatal ridge formula, and in qualitative craniodental features.
Bats of the Muller Range, Papua New Guinea
The bat fauna of Papua New Guinea (PNG) is incompletely known, and further field collections are required for a better understanding of taxonomic relationships, distributions and conservation status.
Each flying fox on its own branch: a phylogenetic tree for Pteropus and related genera (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae).
Divergence time analysis suggests that Pteropus originated in the Miocene and that two independent bursts of diversification occurred in the Pleistocene in different regions of the Indo-Pacific realm.
Evolutionary Lineages in Emballonura and Mosia Bats (Mammalia: Microchiroptera) from the Southwestern Pacific1
Results suggest that Emballonura can establish populations across wide water barriers but does so infrequently, and that samples from Woodlark, Alcester, and Manus Islands are phylogenetically closer to Papuan mainland samples than to Solomon Islands and New Ireland samples supposedly belonging to the same subspecies.
The systematic position of Pteropus leucopterus and its bearing on the monophyly and relationships of Pteropus (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae)
Separate and combined parsimony and maximum likelihood analyses recovered a clade containing Acerodon as sister to all Pteropus species to the exclusion of the Philippine endemic taxon ‘P. leucopterus’, rendering Pteropoulos paraphyletic.
Chapter 8. Biodiversity and Biogeography of the Moss-mice of New Guinea: A Taxonomic Revision of Pseudohydromys (Muridae: Murinae)
Morphological investigations involving nearly all available museum material representing New Guinea “moss-mice” reveal outstanding undiagnosed taxic diversity and allow for redefinition of generic boundaries among these little-studied rodents.
Integrating traditional knowledge, science and conservation in the search for undescribed mammals on Malaita, Solomon Islands
Basic knowledge of species diversity and distributions underpins the study of island biogeography and is fundamental for conservation planning. In Solomon Islands, new mammals continue to be
Evolutionary relationships of the old world fruit bats (Chiroptera, Pteropodidae): Another star phylogeny?
The phylogenetic hypothesis generated here provides a robust framework for a revised cladistic classification of Pteropodidae into subfamilies and tribes and will greatly contribute to the understanding of character evolution and biogeography of pteropODids.


A taxonomic review of the genus Pteralopex (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae), the monkey-faced bats of the south-western Pacific.
A new species is described from New Georgia and Vangunu Islands, Solomon Islands, which resembles P. pulchra but differs in dental, cranial and pelage characters and an IUCN threat category of ‘Critically Endangered’ is proposed.
Natural history of the New Georgia Monkey-faced Bat Pteralopex sp. nov. from the Solomon Islands
This species' restricted range and susceptibility to hunting make it vulnerable, especially in the short term if its habitat is affected by logging or cyclones, which could affect its conservation status and ecological data for management.
A new species of Pteralopex (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae) from Montane Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands
Pteralopex pulchra n.sp. is described. It is known from a single specimen collected at 1,230 m on the south slopes of Mount Makarakomburu, Guada1canal, Solomon Islands. It is probably restricted to
Electrophoretic studies of the systematic and biogeographic relationships of the Fijian bat genera Pteropus, Pteralopex, Chaerephon and Notopteris.
Genetic data indicate that the Fijian bat fauna contains highly divergent taxa as well as some populations that are virtually indistinguishable electrophoretically from conspecifics in neighbouring islands groups, particularly species shared with Vanuatu.
The Biogeography of Brachylophus (Iguanidae) including the Description of a New Species, B. vitiensis, from Fiji
The new iguanine can change color rapidly from light green to jet black in less than five minutes, though reversal to green takes far longer, and is apparently more primitive than B. fasciatus, and shows more obvious affinities with other iguanin genera including Conolophus, Iguana and Cyclura.
A giant flightless pigeon gen. et sp. nov. and a new species of Ducula (Aves: Columbidae), from Quaternary deposits in Fiji
A new genus and species are erected for a giant flightless pigeon described from post‐cranial fossil bones from four Quaternary sites on Viti Levu, Fiji, in the South Pacific Lack of cranial material
A Phylogeny of Indo-West Pacific Megachiroptera Based on Ribosomal DNA
A phylogenetic investigation of restriction en- donuclease site variation in the ribosomal RNA cistrons of 25 species in 14 genera of Indo-West Pacific Megachiroptera suggests three considerable modifications to the morphological understanding of megachiropteran relationships.
A revision of the genus Cyclopodia (Nycteribiidae, Diptera).
The pigmented eyes with two ocelli, the broad antennae, the long anterior coxae and the three rings on the tibiae and the first paper dealing in detail with ten species, of which four were new, is Speiser's monograph of 1901.
Terrestrial vertebrates of the New Hebrides: origin and distribution.
  • L. Medway, A. Marshall
  • Biology, Medicine
    Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences
  • 1975
The comparative impoverishment of more southerly islands is not directly attributable to the progressive increase in isolation and distance from presumptive source area, nor to decrease in island area or maximum height.
A new species of long-eared bat (Nyctophilus: Vespertilionidae) from New Caledonia.
A new species of Nyctophilus is described on the basis of three specimens from the hinterland of Noumea, New Caledonia and its affinities appear to lie within the Australian fauna.