Systematics and phylogeny of the small felines (Carnivora, Felidae) from the Late Miocene of Europe: a new species of Felinae from the Vallesian of Batallones (MN 10, Madrid, Spain)

  title={Systematics and phylogeny of the small felines (Carnivora, Felidae) from the Late Miocene of Europe: a new species of Felinae from the Vallesian of Batallones (MN 10, Madrid, Spain)},
  author={Manuel J. Salesa and Mauricio Ant{\'o}n and Jorge Morales and St{\'e}phane Peign{\'e}},
  journal={Journal of Systematic Palaeontology},
  pages={102 - 87}
The Spanish fossil localities of Batallones-1 and Batallones-3 are two Vallesian (Late Miocene) natural traps known for their high concentration of carnivoran mammals. These include amphicyonids, ailurids, mustelids, ursids, hyaenids, machairodont felids, and two species of small-bodied felines, one the size of an European wildcat, Felis sylvestris, and the other the size of a caracal, Caracal caracal. Although these felines are much less abundant at the sites than their larger relatives, the… 
Functional and Systematic Implications of the Postcranial Anatomy of a Late Miocene Feline (Carnivora, Felidae) from Batallones-1 (Madrid, Spain)
While middle Miocene felids were likely semi-arboreal forest dwellers, L. vallesiensis would be mostly terrestrial, climbing essentially for protection, and may be related to the climatic changes detected in Eurasia during the late Miocene.
New sabre toothed Felidae (Carnivora, Mammalia) in the hominid-bearing sites of Toros Menalla (late Miocene, Chad)
A new genus and species together with a species not previously recorded in the fauna belonging to the saber-toothed felids are described, size of a lynx, known by jaws and several post-cranial bones.
Paleobiogeographic implications of additional Felidae (Carnivora, Mammalia) specimens from the Siwaliks
ABSTRACT Felids from G.E. Lewis’ Yale Peabody Museum collection of Siwalik fossil mammals are described, and palaeobiogeography is interpreted based on these specimens. Five felid taxa are recognised
A Rich Community of Felidae (Mammalia, Carnivora) from the Late Miocene (Turolian, MN 13) Site of Las Casiones (Villalba Baja, Teruel, Spain)
ABSTRACT Several new fossil remains of Felidae from the late Miocene (Turolian age, MN 13, local zone M2) locality of Las Casiones (near the village of Villalge Baja, Teruel, Spain) are studied in
A New Felid from the Late Miocene of the Balkans and the Contents of the Genus Metailurus Zdansky, 1924 (Carnivora, Felidae)
A well-preserved felid skull from the Turolian of Karaslari (FY Republic of Macedonia) is described and assigned to a new taxon, Yoshi garevskii, suggesting that it represents the first attempt towards the morpho-functional model of this modern felid.
Carnivora, in Sen S. (ed.), Late Miocene mammal locality of Küçükçekmece, European Turkey
The locality of Küçükçekmece has yielded a unique carnivoran fauna representing one of the rare fossil assemblages comprising both marine and terrestrial species. The studied sample comprises
Machairodus aphanistus (Felidae, Machairodontinae, Homotherini) from the Late Miocene (Vallesian, Mn 10) Site of Batallones-3 (Torrejón De Velasco, Madrid, Spain)
ABSTRACT In the present work we conduct a comparative study of the cranial and dental samples of the early machairodontine Machairodus aphanistus from the Vallesian (MN 10) sites of Batallones-1
A new hypercarnivorous mustelid (Mammalia, Carnivora, Mustelidae) from Batallones, late Miocene (MN10), Torrejón de Velasco, Madrid, Spain
ABSTRACT We describe dentognathic remains of four individuals of the poorly known mustelid Circamustela Petter, 1967 from the late Miocene sites of Batallones-3 and 5 (MN10, Torrejon de Velasco,
Ammitocyon kainos gen. et sp. nov., a chimerical amphicyonid (Mammalia, Carnivora) from the late Miocene carnivore traps of Cerro de los Batallones (Madrid, Spain)
In the present paper, we describe the craniodental remains of three individuals of an amphicyonid previously determined as Thaumastocyon sp. from the late Miocene (c. 9.1 Ma) pseudokarstic site of
Morphometric Analysis of the Mandible of Primitive Sabertoothed Felids from the late Miocene of Spain
Batallones machairodontines are closer to felines than to other, more derived machaiRodontines in mandibular morphology, suggesting the existence of rapid shift in theMandibular shape between primitive and derived members of the clade.


Musteloids and feloids ( Mammalia , Carnivora ) from the late Miocene locality of Pikermi ( Attica , Greece )
Some relatively rare carnivore remains from Pikermi are studied. The present specimens include Simocyon primigenius (ROTH and WAGNER, 1854) , Promeles palaeatticus (WEITHOFER, 1888) , Martes
Inferred behaviour and ecology of the primitive sabre‐toothed cat Paramachairodus ogygia (Felidae, Machairodontinae) from the Late Miocene of Spain
The Late Miocene (Late Vallesian, MN 10, about 9 Mya) carnivore trap of Batallones-1 (Madrid, Spain) has yielded a large sample of two species of sabre-toothed cats: the puma-sized Paramachairodus
A phylogenetic analysis of Amphicy oninae shows that this new form, named Magericyon anceps gen. nov., is markedly distinct from all other known Amphicyoninae, specifically in its hypercarnivorous features.
A Partial Skeleton of Pseudaelurus (Carnivora: Felidae) from the Nambé Member of the Tesuque Formation, Española Basin, New Mexico
This is the earliest known felid from North America having cranial, upper, and lower dentition as well as postcranial information, and a nearly complete set of limb bones provides the first insight into the morphometry of this lynx to puma-sized cat.
Differences in cranial morphology suggest separation at the generic level between M. aphanistus and M. giganteus, suggesting that the specialized canines of M. ansonistus were used within the context of a biting mechanism more similar to the canine bite of modern felids.
Ailurid carnivoran mammal Simocyon from the late Miocene of Spain and the systematics of the genus
The most complete and best−preserved materials assigned to Simocyon from Spain are described and a differential di− agnosis forSimocyon batalleri is proposed, which is morphologically intermediate between the more primitive S. diaphorus and the more derived S. primigenius.
Systematic revision of the Late Miocene sabre‐toothed felid Paramachaerodus in Spain
The population from Batallones-1 constitutes a clearly different form from the genus Paramachaerodus, and it is proposed to be inclusion in the genus Promegantereon Kretzoi, 1938, together with an upper canine from Crevillente-2 (MN 11), very similar to those from Bat allens-1.
Aspects of the functional morphology in the cranial and cervical skeleton of the sabre‐toothed cat Paramachairodus ogygia (Kaup, 1832) (Felidae, Machairodontinae) from the Late Miocene of Spain: implications for the origins of the machairodont killing bite
The skull and cervical anatomy of the sabre-toothed felid Paramachairodus ogygia (Kaup, 1832) is described in this paper, with special attention paid to its functional morphology. Because of the
Recherches sur Felis attica Wagner du Pontien eurasiatique, avec quelques observations sur les genres Pseudaelurus Gervais et Proailurus Filhol
  • G. D. Beaumont
  • Geography
    Nouvelles archives du Muséum d'histoire naturelle de Lyon
  • 1961
1. The skull of a small cat, refered to Felis attica Wagn., from the Pontian of Samos is described together with the type of this species from Pikermi (p. 18, Pl. I). 2. Some observations on the
Phylogeny and Speciation of Felids
The phylogeny of the Felidae is reconstructed using a total evidence approach combining sequences from 12S rRNA, 16S r RNA, NADH‐5, and cytochrome b genes with morphological and karyological characters, and it indicates that vicariant speciation has played a relatively minor role in the diversification of the felids.