Systematics and evolution of the cutworm moths (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): evidence from two protein‐coding nuclear genes

  title={Systematics and evolution of the cutworm moths (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): evidence from two protein‐coding nuclear genes},
  author={Andrew Mitchell and Charles Mitter and Jerome C. Regier},
  journal={Systematic Entomology},
Abstract.  A broad molecular systematic survey of Noctuidae was undertaken to test recent hypotheses on the problematic definitions and relationships of the subfamilies, with special emphasis on the ‘trifines.’ An initial hypothesis of noctuid classification to the subtribal level was synthesized from recent reviews, and then sampled as broadly as possible. Concatenated sequences for the nuclear genes elongation factor‐1α (EF‐1α; 1200 bp) and dopa decarboxylase (DDC; 700–1100 bp) were analysed… 

Molecular phylogenetics of heliothine moths (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Heliothinae), with comments on the evolution of host range and pest status

The frequency of evolutionary expansion and contraction in host range appears to increase dramatically at the base of the Heliothis group, in contrast to the case for earlier‐diverging lineages, and is ascribed provisionally to differential evolutionary constraints arising from contrasting life‐history syndromes.

Molecular phylogenetics of Erebidae (Lepidoptera, Noctuoidea)

The first large‐scale molecular phylogenetic analysis of the moth family Erebidae is undertaken, including almost all subfamilies, as well as most tribes and subtribes, revealing a well‐resolved skeleton phylogenetic hypothesis with 18 major lineages.

Toward reconstructing the evolution of advanced moths and butterflies (Lepidoptera: Ditrysia): an initial molecular study

The results corroborate the broad outlines of the current working phylogenetic hypothesis for Ditrysia, demonstrate that some prominent features of that hypothesis, including the position of the butterflies, need revision, and resolve the majority of family and subfamily relationships within superfamilies as thus far sampled.

Molecular phylogeny of Lymantriinae (Lepidoptera, Noctuoidea, Erebidae) inferred from eight gene regions

The first broad‐scale molecular phylogenetic analysis of the Lymantriinae subfamily is performed, based on 154 exemplars representing all recognized tribes and drawn from all major biogeographical regions, and a new phylogenetic classification is presented, composed of seven well‐supported tribes.

Relationships among the basal lineages of Noctuidae (Lepidoptera, Noctuoidea) based on eight gene regions

The results support the family Noctuidae as a monophyletic group in which most subfamilies have hindwing vein M2 reduced or absent, and show that the subfamily Acronictinae is not closely related to Pantheinae, but instead shows a closer association with Amphipyrinae.

Characterization of four mitochondrial genomes from superfamilies Noctuoidea and Hyblaeoidea with their phylogenetic implications

The relationships of Noctuoid families were shown as follows and the species H. puera was separately clustered from the Noctuoidea member groups, showing the phylogenetic relationships of the moths.

Further progress on the phylogeny of Noctuoidea (Insecta: Lepidoptera) using an expanded gene sample

Maximum‐likelihood analyses of 5–19 genes in 74 noctuoids representing all the families and a majority of the subfamilies of Noctuoidea provide additional corroboration for the main outlines of family‐level phylogeny in Noctuoides, and contribute toward resolving relationships within families.

First complete mitochondrial genome of Acronictinae (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): genome description and its phylogenetic implications

The phylogenetic analyses using the Maximum Likelihood (ML) and Bayesian Inference (BI) methods supported A. rumicis belonging to the subfamily Acronictinae, and clarified a novel and monophyly relationship among Noctuidae with mitogenome data.

The complete mitochondrial genome of the Sideridis albicosta (Lepidoptera: Noctuoidea: Noctuidae)

The complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of Sideridis albicosta is described and new phylogenetic analyses upon mitogenomics would provide further insights on the taxonomy and phylogeny of Noctuoidea.



Phylogenetic utility of the nuclear gene dopa decarboxylase in noctuoid moths (Insecta: Lepidoptera: noctuoidea).

Analysis of 49 species representing major groups across the superfamily Noctuoidea shows the utility of DDC promises to extend back to the early Tertiary and Cretaceous, a time span for which few suitable genes have been identified.

Phylogenetic utility of elongation factor-1 alpha in noctuoidea (Insecta: Lepidoptera): the limits of synonymous substitution.

Interestingly, the few nonsynonymous changes appear no more phylogenetically reliable than synonymous changes, and signal strength for basal divergences is weak and fails to improve with character weighting; thus, dense taxon sampling is probably needed for strong inference from EF-1 alpha regarding deeper splits in Noctuoidea (probably early Tertiary).

A new nuclear gene for insect phylogenetics: dopa decarboxylase is informative of relationships within Heliothinae (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).

The proposed phylogeny suggests that the major agricultural pest heliothines belong to a single clade, characterized by polyphagy and associated life history traits, within this largely host-specific moth subfamily Heliothinae.

More taxa or more characters revisited: combining data from nuclear protein-encoding genes for phylogenetic analyses of Noctuoidea (Insecta: Lepidoptera).

Empirical data from noctuoid moths supports the view that in obtaining additional sequence data to solve a refractory systematic problem, it is prudent to take them from an independent gene.

Phylogeny of Noctuoid Moths and the Utility of Combining Independent Nuclear and Mitochondrial Genes

The replacement pathways of the ND1 amino acids are mapped using transformation series analysis and the resulting cladogram characters show that different amino acid replacement pathways exist for the same set of amino acid residues at different positions in the molecule.

The phylogeny of the Noctuidae (Lepidoptera)

The proposed phylogenetic system confirms the monophyly of the Noctuidae and a sister‐group relationship between the NoctUIDae and the Aganaidae is supported.

Evolution of the Mitochondrial Cytochrome Oxidase II Gene in Collembola

The collembolan COII gene showed the lowest A +T content of all insects so far examined, confirming that the well-known A + T bias in insect mitochondrial genes tends to increase from the basal to apical orders.

A highly conserved nuclear gene for low-level phylogenetics: elongation factor-1 alpha recovers morphology-based tree for heliothine moths.

This postulate that the single most parsimonious gene tree and the neighbor-joining tree for all nucleotides show almost complete concordance with the morphological tree for the EF-1 alpha gene in the noctuid moth subfamily Heliothinae is tested.

New view of the higher classification of the Noctuidae (Lepidoptera)

Several examples are given to demonstrate that the current higher classification of the Noctuidae has resulted from a predarwinistic thinking, and can only be achieved by applying the principles of phylogenetic systematics.

On the systematic position of Catocala Schrank (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

A numerical phylogenetic analysis of this group based on fifty‐five characters suggests that Catocala may be paraphyletic, a subset of species being the closest relatives of Ulotrichopus.