Systematics and Evolution

  title={Systematics and Evolution},
  author={David J. McLaughlin and Esther G. McLaughlin and Paul Arenz Lemke},
  booktitle={The Mycota},
Fungi 1 Saccharomycotina and Taphrinomycotina - The Yeasts and Yeast-like Fungi of the Ascomycota Cletus P. Kurtzman and Junta Sugiyama 2 Pezizomycotina: Pezizomycetes, Orbiliomycetes Donald H. Pfister 3 Pezizomycotina: Sordariomycetes, Leotiomycetes Ning Zhang and Zheng Wang 4 Pezizomycotina: Lecanoromycetes C. Gueidan, D. J. Hill, J. Miadlikowska and F. Lutzoni 5 Pezizomycotina: Eurotiomycetes David M. Geiser 6 Pezizomycotina: Dothideomycetes and Arthoniomycetes Conrad Schoch and Martin Grube… 
20 Citations
Genome sequencing provides insight into the reproductive biology, nutritional mode and ploidy of the fern pathogen Mixia osmundae.
The finding of a complete complement of mating and meiosis genes suggests the capacity to undergo sexual reproduction in Mixia osmundae, which has the smallest plant pathogenic basidiomycete genome sequenced to date.
Phylogenomics of a new fungal phylum reveals multiple waves of reductive evolution across Holomycota
These unique traits justify the erection of the novel phylum Sanchytriomycota and show that most of the hyphal morphogenesis gene repertoire of multicellular Fungi had already evolved in early holomycotan lineages.
Long rDNA amplicon sequencing of insect-infecting nephridiophagids reveals their affiliation to the Chytridiomycota (Fungi) and a potential to switch between hosts
A robust affiliation of nephridiophagids with the Chytridiomycota — a group of zoosporic fungi that comprises parasites of diverse host taxa, such as microphytes, plants, and amphibians is found.
Four new species in the Tremellafibulifera complex (Tremellales, Basidiomycota)
The phylogenetic analyses confirmed Tremellafibulifera is confirmed as a species complex including nine species including nine known species and four new species based on morphological characteristics, molecular evidence, and geographic distribution.
Frequency and distribution of zoosporic true fungi and heterotrophic straminipiles from river springs
Twenty-one species of zoosporic true fungi and heterotrophic straminipiles belonging to 10 genera of the orders Blastocladiales, Hyphochytriales, Pythiale, and Saprolegniales were isolated using hemp seeds and snake skin as baits from three springs of the Biała River.
The Morphological Characteristics and Phylogenetic Analyses Revealed an Additional Taxon in Heteroradulum (Auriculariales)
Auriculariales is diverse, embracing a number of corticioid, poroid, and hydnoid genera. The present study covers a new wood-inhabiting fungal species of Heteroradulum niveum sp. nov that is proposed
Genetic transformation of Spizellomyces punctatus, a resource for studying chytrid biology and evolutionary cell biology
It is shown that the chytrid undergoes multiple rounds of synchronous nuclear division, followed by cellularization, to create and release many daughter ‘zoospores’, which makes Spizellomyces a genetically tractable model for comparative cell biology and understanding the evolution of fungi and early eukaryotes.
A unique life-strategy of an endophytic yeast Rhodotorula mucilaginosa JGTA-S1—a comparative genomics viewpoint
The JGTA-S1 genome data coupled with experimental evidence give an insight into the nature of its beneficial interaction with plants as well as investigating the life-strategy of the yeast from a genomics perspective.
Evolutionary freedom in the regulation of the conserved itaconate cluster by Ria1 in related Ustilaginaceae
Itaconate production by Ustilaginaceae species can be considerably increased by changing gene cluster regulation by overexpression of the Ria1 protein, thus contributing to the industrial application of these fungi for the biotechnological production of this valuable biomass derived chemical.
Notes, outline and divergence times of Basidiomycota
Divergence times as additional criterion in ranking provide additional evidence to resolve taxonomic problems in the Basidiomycota taxonomic system, and also provide a better understanding of their phylogeny and evolution.


Phylogeny and classification of phylum Cercozoa (Protozoa).
The protozoan phylum Cercozoa embraces numerous ancestrally biciliate zooflagellates, euglyphid and other filose testate amoebae, chlorarachnean algae, phytomyxean plant parasites, the animal-parasitic Ascetosporea, and Gromia.
The relative ages of ectomycorrhizal mushrooms and their plant hosts estimated using Bayesian relaxed molecular clock analyses
Topologically constrained and unconstrained analyses suggest that the root node of the Agaricomycetes is much older than either the rosids or Pinaceae, suggesting that some contemporary ECM partnerships could be of very ancient origin.
Evolutionary instability of ectomycorrhizal symbioses in basidiomycetes
The results indicate that mycorrhizal symbionts with diverse plant hosts have evolved repeatedly from saprotrophic precursors, but also that there have been multiple reversals to a free-living condition, suggesting that myCorrhizae are unstable, evolutionarily dynamic associations.
Phylogeny of the "forgotten" cellular slime mold, Fonticula alba, reveals a key evolutionary branch within Opisthokonta.
The data indicate that multicellularity in Fonticula evolved independent of that found in the fungal and animal radiations, and a new name is proposed for this well-supported clade, Nucletmycea, incorporating Nuclearia,Fonticula, and Fungi.
Amoebidium parasiticum is a protozoan, not a Trichomycete.
Maximum parsimony analysis of ichthyosporean and fungal SSU sequences, using sequences of choanoflagellates to root the 18S rDNA gene trees, resolved A. parasiticum as a strongly sup- ported sister of I. hoferi within the Ichthyophonida clade of the protozoan class Ichthyosporea.
The phagotrophic origin of eukaryotes and phylogenetic classification of Protozoa.
  • T. Cavalier-smith
  • Biology
    International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology
  • 2002
It is argued that the essentially autogenous origins of most eukaryotic cell properties (phagotrophy, endomembrane system including peroxisomes, cytoskeleton, nucleus, mitosis and sex) partially overlapped and were synergistic with the symbiogenetic origin of mitochondria from an alpha-proteobacterium.
Two ascomycete classes based on fruiting-body characters and ribosomal DNA sequence.
The phylogeny, inferred from 162 informative sites in 1,700 bp of DNA sequence data and using yeast as an outgroup, divided the fungi into two groups correlating well both with fruiting-body type and with the traditional classes Plectomycete and Pyrenomycetes, which received strong statistical support.
The molecular revolution in ectomycorrhizal ecology: peeking into the black‐box
Results from these studies have revealed that EM communities are impressively diverse and are patchily distributed at a fine scale below ground, but there is a poor correspondence between fungi that appear dominant as sporocarps vs. those that seem dominant on roots.