Systematic review: opioid treatment for chronic back pain: prevalence, efficacy, and association with addiction.


BACKGROUND The prevalence, efficacy, and risk for addiction for persons receiving opioids for chronic back pain are unclear. PURPOSE To determine the prevalence of opioid treatment, whether opioid medications are effective, and the prevalence of substance use disorders among patients receiving opioid medications for chronic back pain. DATA SOURCES… (More)


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