Systematic reasoning: Formal or postformal cognition?

@article{Kallio1995SystematicRF,
  title={Systematic reasoning: Formal or postformal cognition?},
  author={Eeva Kallio},
  journal={Journal of Adult Development},
  year={1995},
  volume={2},
  pages={187-192}
}
  • Eeva Kallio
  • Published 1 July 1995
  • Education
  • Journal of Adult Development
The focus of this study was to investigate the relationship between formal and postformal systematic metasystematic reasoning. Shayer's (1978) chemicals task and a modified version of Kuhn and Brannock's (1977) plant task were used to measure formal thinking and Commons, Richard, and Kuhn's (1982) multisystem task and balance-beam task to detect postformal reasoning. Subjects were university students from the humanities and social sciences (N=35). For each subject, a composite score was defined… 

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