Systematic reasoning: Formal or postformal cognition?

  title={Systematic reasoning: Formal or postformal cognition?},
  author={Eeva K. Kallio},
  journal={Journal of Adult Development},
  • E. Kallio
  • Published 1995
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Adult Development
The focus of this study was to investigate the relationship between formal and postformal systematic metasystematic reasoning. Shayer's (1978) chemicals task and a modified version of Kuhn and Brannock's (1977) plant task were used to measure formal thinking and Commons, Richard, and Kuhn's (1982) multisystem task and balance-beam task to detect postformal reasoning. Subjects were university students from the humanities and social sciences (N=35). For each subject, a composite score was defined… Expand
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COMMONS, MICHAEL L.; RICHARDS, FRANCIS A.; and KUHN, DEANNA. Systematic and Metasystematic Reasoning: A Case for Levels of Reasoning beyond Piaget's Stage of Formal Operations. CHILD DEVELOPMENT,Expand
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DEMETRIOU, ANDREAS, and EFKLIDES, ANASTASIA. Structure and Sequence of Formal and Postformal Thought: General Patterns and Individual Differences. CHILD DEVELOPMENT, 1985, 56, 10621091. According toExpand
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