Systematic Identification and Molecular Characteristics of Long Noncoding RNAs in Pig Tissues

Abstract

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are non-protein-coding RNAs that are involved in a variety of biological processes. The pig is an important farm animal and an ideal biomedical model. In this study, we performed a genome-wide scan for lncRNAs in multiple tissue types from pigs. A total of 118 million paired-end 90 nt clean reads were obtained via strand-specific RNA sequencing, 80.4% of which were aligned to the pig reference genome. We developed a stringent bioinformatics pipeline to identify 2,139 high-quality multiexonic lncRNAs. The characteristic analysis revealed that the novel lncRNAs showed relatively shorter transcript length, fewer exons, and lower expression levels in comparison with protein-coding genes (PCGs). The guanine-cytosine (GC) content of the protein-coding exons and introns was significantly higher than that of the lncRNAs. Moreover, the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) density of lncRNAs was significantly higher than that of PCGs. Conservation analysis revealed that most lncRNAs were evolutionarily conserved among pigs, humans, and mice, such as CUFF.253988.1, which shares homology with human long noncoding RNA MALAT1. The findings of our study significantly increase the number of known lncRNAs in pigs.

DOI: 10.1155/2017/6152582

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Yang2017SystematicIA, title={Systematic Identification and Molecular Characteristics of Long Noncoding RNAs in Pig Tissues}, author={Yalan Yang and Rong Zhou and Shiyun Zhu and Xunbi Li and Hua Li and Hui Yu and Kui Li}, booktitle={BioMed research international}, year={2017} }