Synthetic magnetic fields for ultracold neutral atoms

@article{Lin2009SyntheticMF,
  title={Synthetic magnetic fields for ultracold neutral atoms},
  author={Y. Lin and Rebecca L. Compton and Karina Jim{\'e}nez-Garc{\'i}a and James V. Porto and I B Spielman},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2009},
  volume={462},
  pages={628-632}
}
Neutral atomic Bose condensates and degenerate Fermi gases have been used to realize important many-body phenomena in their most simple and essential forms, without many of the complexities usually associated with material systems. However, the charge neutrality of these systems presents an apparent limitation—a wide range of intriguing phenomena arise from the Lorentz force for charged particles in a magnetic field, such as the fractional quantum Hall effect in two-dimensional electron systems… CONTINUE READING

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