Synthetic grafts in the treatment of ruptured anterior cruciate ligament of the knee joint.

  title={Synthetic grafts in the treatment of ruptured anterior cruciate ligament of the knee joint.},
  author={Wojciech Satora and Aleksandra Kr{\'o}likowska and Andrzej Czamara and Paweł Reichert},
  journal={Polimery w medycynie},
  volume={47 1},
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is cited as the most frequently injured ligament in the knee. The standard treatment of ACL injury remains ligament reconstruction followed by a postoperative physiotherapeutic procedure. During the reconstruction, the torn ligament can be replaced with an autograft or an allograft. A synthetic ligament is also one of the available graft options. Synthetic grafts in ruptured ACL treatment have been used as scaffolds, stents, or prostheses. The story of using… 

Materials used for knee ligament grafting

Estimation of ligament graft viability must include a complex study of biomechanical properties, cell and fibers integrity, as well as sterilization methods, such as ionized radiation and chemical treatment, gave controversial results.

Histological analysis of ACL reconstruction failures due to synthetic-ACL (LARS) ruptures.

INTRODUCTION Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) reconstruction is an established surgical procedure. Synthetic ligaments represent an option for ACL reconstruction. Their popularity declined for the

Autografts vs Synthetics for Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Systematic Review and Meta‐Analysis

Autografts were inferior to synthetics with respect to restoring knee joint stability and patient‐reported outcome scores, and were also associated with more postoperative complications.

Optimal Graft Choice in Athletic Patients with Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries: Review and Clinical Insights

The purpose of this review is to consolidate current literature on the various ACL reconstruction graft options, with a focus on the optimal graft for returning the athlete to activity with the lowest rate of re-injury.

The reasons for revision surgery after reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament: a systematic review

The main categories of factors that can affect the functional outcomes of patients after ACL reconstruction and lead to unsatisfactory outcomes after surgery based on the literature data are shown.

Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction without the use of a tourniquet

The technique in the reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament tears without a tourniquet is discussed, and it is considered to be an excellent alternative to conventional reconstruction with the use of tournique.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Retensioning-A Novel Revision Procedure Using Suture Augmentation: A Case Report With A 3-Year Follow-up.

In certain cases, ACL retensioning with SA may be performed as the revision procedure for unsuccessful primary ACL reconstruction in women with previous anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction problems.

Management of Intraoperative Graft-related Challenges in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.

  • T. Battaglia
  • Medicine
    The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
  • 2022
Intraoperative challenges related to graft procurement, graft preparation, and graft placement are common and clinicians must be prepared to address each of these potential sources of difficulty.

Stratifying the mechanical performance of a decellularized xenogeneic tendon graft for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction as a function of graft diameter

It was showed that decellularized pSFTs demonstrate comparable biomechanical properties to other ACL graft options and are a potentially viable option for ACL reconstruction.

Polymer-Based Constructs for Flexor Tendon Repair: A Review

This review mainly describes the polymer-based constructs that show promising results in solving postoperative complications, in the hope that one day these will be used as a routine practice in flexor tendon repair, increasing the well-being of the patients.



The ligament augmentation device: an historical perspective.

  • K. KumarN. Maffulli
  • Medicine, Biology
    Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery : official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association
  • 1999

Postoperative Knee Joint Stability Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using the Ligament Advanced Reinforcement System.

The evaluation demonstrated significant progress from the preoperative to postoperative results in reducing anterior translation and anterolateral rotational instability of the tibia in patients who had undergone ACL reconstruction using the synthetic LARS graft.

[Augmented anterior cruciate ligament replacement with the Kennedy-LAD (ligament augmentation device)--long term outcome].

The ligament augmentation device (Kennedy-LAD) is used to protect tendon grafts during the posttransplantation decrease in strength in anterior cruciate ligament (acl) reconstructions, but modern techniques in acl reconstruction lead to comparable results without synthetic augmentation.

Dacron ligament reconstruction for chronic anterior cruciate ligament insufficiency

5-year follow-up results show that the Dacron ligament pros thesis achieves the short-term goal of restoring stability and improving function and may be sufficient to provide long-term stability for the anterior cruciate-deficient knee.

The use of carbon fiber implants in anterior cruciate ligament surgery.

The results confirm the contention that when the carbon fibers are placed either within the remnants of the original ligament or within a sheath of fascia lata and maintained in the retrosynovial situation, no carbon debris appears within the joint cavity, and a normal-looking cruciate ligament results.

Cruciate ligament stents in reconstruction of the unstable knee. A preliminary report.

Longer implant survival is needed, and this must be accomplished by building more flexibility into the stent core and by improving surgical technique with more precise instrumentation.

Anterior cruciate ligament: functional anatomy of its bundles in rotatory instabilities

The functional anatomy of the anterior cruciate ligament was studied and found that it is a secondary static stabilizer against rotatory in stabilities of the knee and the anteromedial bundle contributes to anterolateral stability.