Synthetic cannabinoids abused in South Korea: drug identifications by the National Forensic Service from 2009 to June 2013

  title={Synthetic cannabinoids abused in South Korea: drug identifications by the National Forensic Service from 2009 to June 2013},
  author={Heesun Chung and Hyeyoung Choi and Sewoong Heo and Eunmi Kim and Jaesin Lee},
  journal={Forensic Toxicology},
The rapid increase in the number of new psychoactive substances and their abuse is the most recent drug abuse issue worldwide. Although abuse of synthetic cannabinoids is highly restricted in South Korea, the rapid increase in the number of new substances is forcing the legal regulation authority to continuously improve the drug regulation act. As a result of drug screening by the National Forensic Service from 2009 to June 2013, 26 species of synthetic cannabinoids were identified in materials… 

New psychoactive substances in Taiwan: challenges and strategies.

By comparison of the legislative mechanism for NPS control between Taiwan, South Korea, and Japan, it was found that timely and flexible legislative mechanism is essential for early identification, surveillance, and comprehensive evaluation.

An overview of recent developments in the analytical detection of new psychoactive substances (NPSs).

This mini-review overviews this recent emerging research area of NPSs and the analytical approaches reported to provide detection strategies as well as detailing recent reports towards providing point-of-care/in-the-field NPS ("legal high") sensors.

Comparison of illegal drug use pattern in Taiwan and Korea from 2006 to 2014

The results showed that while methamphetamine remained as a predominant drug in both Taiwan and Korea for decades, different illegal drug use patterns have been observed in these two countries, and NPS have emerged as a new issue in both countries.

Simultaneous quantification of 37 synthetic cannabinoid metabolites in human urine by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

Despite efforts by legal authorities to control the abuse of synthetic cannabinoids, new derivatives have continually emerged on the market to circumvent regulations, and its abuse has become a

Identification and quantification of synthetic cannabinoids in “spice-like” herbal mixtures: update of the German situation for the spring of 2015

In February 2015, 13 “spice-like” products, available on the German market, were analyzed. In total, eight different synthetic cannabinoids were identified by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry

Identification and quantitation of 5-fluoro-ADB, one of the most dangerous synthetic cannabinoids, in the stomach contents and solid tissues of a human cadaver and in some herbal products

To the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported identification and quantitation of 5-fluoro-ADB in human specimens and herbal products.

Comprehensive review of the detection methods for synthetic cannabinoids and cathinones

This review presents the various colorimetric detections, immunochemical assays, gas chromatographic–mass spectrometric methods, and liquid chromatographs proposed for the analysis of synthetic cannabinoids and cathinones.



Changes in the prevalence of synthetic cannabinoids and cathinone derivatives in Japan until early 2012

The changes in the prevalence of designer drugs and their legal status in Japan were investigated on the basis of the analyses of 686 different products containing synthetic cannabinoids and/or

Simultaneous analysis of synthetic cannabinoids in the materials seized during drug trafficking using GC-MS

A rapid and simple gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method was developed and validated to identify and quantify synthetic cannabinoids in the materials seized during drug trafficking in Korea, and results showed it was suitable for simultaneous qualitative and quantitative analyses of synthetic cannabinoids.

Analysis of the prevalence and coexistence of synthetic cannabinoids in “herbal high” products in Poland

Abstract“Herbal highs” are a group of products marketed in recent years as legal substitutes for marijuana. This article presents the results of examinations performed on samples seized in “head

Synthetic cannabinoid intoxication: a case series and review.

Identification of a cannabimimetic indole as a designer drug in a herbal product

A cannabimimetic indole has been identified as a new adulterant in a herbal product being sold illegally in Japan for its expected narcotic effect. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and gas

Identification of a synthetic cannabinoid A-836339 as a novel compound found in a product

As a part of the work conducted in our laboratory, we encountered a case in which new chemical compound was contained in a certain product. This compound was found to have a molecular weight of 310

Identification of a new synthetic cannabinoid in a herbal mixture: 1-butyl-3-(2-methoxybenzoyl)indole

Two unknown cannabimimetic compounds were detected in a seized herbal mixture after gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS) screening. To elucidate the chemical structures, 0.3 g of the dried

K2 Toxicity: Fatal Case of Psychiatric Complications Following AM2201 Exposure

Limited forensic and clinical experience and the lack of confirmatory testing strategies for synthetic cannabinoids (SC) prevent adequate characterization of SC toxicity and the potential impact on

Cannabimimetic activity from CP-47,497, a derivative of 3-phenylcyclohexanol.

Despite its potent behavioral effects, CP-47,497, like delta 9-THC, does not resemble standard antipsychotic, antidepressant, antianxiety or hypnotic drugs in simple drug interaction tests.

Identification and quantitation of a benzoylindole (2-methoxyphenyl)(1-pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl)methanone and a naphthoylindole 1-(5-fluoropentyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-(naphthalene-1-yl)methanone (AM-2201) found in illegal products obtained via the Internet and their cannabimimetic effects evaluated by in vitr

During our careful surveillance of unregulated drugs in January to February 2011, we found two new compounds used as adulterants in herbal products obtained via the Internet. These compounds were