Synthesizing arbitrary quantum states in a superconducting resonator

@article{Hofheinz2009SynthesizingAQ,
  title={Synthesizing arbitrary quantum states in a superconducting resonator},
  author={Max Hofheinz and Hangdong Wang and Markus Ansmann and Radoslaw Radek Cezary Bialczak and E Lucero and Matthew Neeley and Aaron D. O'Connell and D Sank and J Wenner and John M. Martinis and A N Cleland},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2009},
  volume={459},
  pages={546-549}
}
The superposition principle is a fundamental tenet of quantum mechanics. It allows a quantum system to be ‘in two places at the same time’, because the quantum state of a physical system can simultaneously include measurably different physical states. The preparation and use of such superposed states forms the basis of quantum computation and simulation. The creation of complex superpositions in harmonic systems (such as the motional state of trapped ions, microwave resonators or optical… CONTINUE READING
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