Synthesis of two-dimensional human walking: a test of the λ-model

  title={Synthesis of two-dimensional human walking: a test of the λ-model},
  author={Michael G{\"u}nther and Hanns Ruder},
  journal={Biological Cybernetics},
To test the λ-model version of the equilibrium point hypothesis both for feasibility and validity with respect to the control of terrestrial locomotion, we developed a two-dimensional, eleven-segment musculoskeletal model of the human body including 14 muscle-tendon complexes per leg, three-segment feet, and a physiologically based model of foot-ground interaction. Human walking was synthesized by numerical integration of the coupled muscle-tendon and rigid body dynamics. To this end a control… CONTINUE READING