Synthesis of phosphorus-doped graphene and its wide potential window in aqueous supercapacitors.

Phosphorus-doped (P-doped) graphene with the P doping level of 1.30 at % was synthesized by annealing the mixture of graphene and phosphoric acid. The presence of P was confirmed by elemental mapping and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, while the morphology of P-doped graphene was revealed by using scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron… (More)