Synthesis of nuclei of the superheavy element 114 in reactions induced by 48Ca

  title={Synthesis of nuclei of the superheavy element 114 in reactions induced by 48Ca},
  author={Yu. Ts. Oganessian and A. V. Yeremin and Andrey Popeko and S. L. Bogomolov and G. V. Buklanov and Maxim Chelnokov and V. I. Chepigin and Boris N. Gikal and V. A. Gorshkov and Georgij G. Gulbekian and Mikhail G. Itkis and A. P. Kabachenko and Anatoliy Lavrentev and O. N. Malyshev and Jakub Roh{\'a}{\vc} and Roman N. Sagaidak and Sigurd Hofmann and {\vS}. {\vS}{\'a}r{\'o} and Giorgio Giardina and Kosuke Morita},
The stability of heavy nuclides, which tend to decay by α-emission and spontaneous fission, is determined by the structural properties of nuclear matter. Nuclear binding energies and lifetimes increase markedly in the vicinity of closed shells of neutrons or protons (nucleons), corresponding to ‘magic’ numbers of nucleons; these give rise to the most stable (spherical) nuclear shapes in the ground state. For example, with a proton number of Z = 82 and a neutron number of N = 126, the nucleus… Expand
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