Synthesis of graphene-based nanosheets via chemical reduction of exfoliated graphite oxide

@article{Stankovich2007SynthesisOG,
  title={Synthesis of graphene-based nanosheets via chemical reduction of exfoliated graphite oxide},
  author={Sasha Z. Stankovich and Dmitriy A. Dikin and Richard D. Piner and Kevin A. Kohlhaas and Alfred Kleinhammes and Yuanyuan Jia and Yue Wu and SonBinh T. Nguyen and Rodney S. Ruoff},
  journal={Carbon},
  year={2007},
  volume={45},
  pages={1558-1565}
}
Reduction of a colloidal suspension of exfoliated graphene oxide sheets in water with hydrazine hydrate results in their aggregation and subsequent formation of a high-surface-area carbon material which consists of thin graphene-based sheets. The reduced material was characterized by elemental analysis, thermo-gravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, NMR spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and by electrical conductivity measurements. 

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