Synthesis of a Novel Siliconized Analog of Clofibrate (Silafibrate) and Comparison of their Anti-inflammatory Activities

Abstract

Fibrates, as hypolipidemic drugs known as agonists of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors, diminish inflammatory responses. Studies have shown that incorporation of a silicon atom into a drug structure improves its pharmacological potency, modifies its selectivity toward a given target, or changes its metabolic rate, in addition to increasing the lipophilicity of the compounds. A siliconized analog of clofibrate, ethyl-2-methyl-2-(4-(trimethylsilyl)phenoxy)propionate was synthesized, whereby the chlorine atom in the phenoxy ring was replaced by a trimethylsilyl group. The anti-inflammatory effects of the siliconized analog (silafibrate) were evaluated in an air-pouch model of inflammation and compared with those of clofibrate. Oral administration of both drugs produced a significant anti-inflammatory action by reducing carrageenan induced pouch leukocyte recruitment, exudates production, and granulated tissue weight. The silicon isostere of clofibrate has improved anti-inflammatory properties.

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Ziaee2012SynthesisOA, title={Synthesis of a Novel Siliconized Analog of Clofibrate (Silafibrate) and Comparison of their Anti-inflammatory Activities}, author={Mojtaba Ziaee and Morteza Samini and Mohammad Bolourtchian and Mohammad Ghaffarzadeh and Maryam Ahmadi and Mohammad Ali Egbal and Arash Khorrami and Sina Andalib and Nasrin Maleki-Dizaji and Alireza Garjani}, booktitle={Iranian journal of pharmaceutical research : IJPR}, year={2012} }