Synthesis of Diverse LiNixMnyCozO2 Cathode Materials from Lithium Ion Battery Recovery Stream

@article{Sa2016SynthesisOD,
  title={Synthesis of Diverse LiNixMnyCozO2 Cathode Materials from Lithium Ion Battery Recovery Stream},
  author={Qina Sa and Eric Gratz and Joseph A. Heelan and Sijia Ma and Diran Apelian and Yan Wang},
  journal={Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy},
  year={2016},
  volume={2},
  pages={248-256}
}
  • Qina Sa, E. Gratz, +3 authors Yan Wang
  • Published 2016
  • Materials Science
  • Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy
Currently, a large amount of spent lithium ion batteries is being landfilled in many countries every year; in order to recover and reuse critical materials, a low-cost and a high-efficiency lithium ion battery recovery process was developed at Worcester Polytechnic Institute. This process recovers valuable metal elements such as Ni, Mn, Co in the form of LiNixMnyCozO2 cathode materials, where x, y, and z can be tailored. Other elements such as Cu and steel are also recovered. In this work, it… Expand
13 Citations

Figures and Tables from this paper

Regeneration and reutilization of cathode materials from spent lithium-ion batteries
Abstract The recycle and reutilization of spent lithium-ion batteries for environmental protection and resource reclamation has arousing rising attention. Numerous studies placed the only emphasis onExpand
Recent progress on the recycling technology of Li-ion batteries
  • Yuqing Wang, Ning An, +5 authors Ji Liang
  • Environmental Science
  • 2021
Abstract Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) have been widely applied in portable electronic devices and electric vehicles. With the booming of the respective markets, a huge quantity of spent LIBs thatExpand
Current and Prospective Li-Ion Battery Recycling and Recovery Processes
Abstract The lithium ion (Li-ion) battery industry has been growing exponentially since its initial inception in the late 20th century. As battery materials evolve, the applications for Li-ionExpand
Recycling End-of-Life Electric Vehicle Lithium-Ion Batteries
Summary Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) play a significant role in our highly electrified world and will continue to lead technology innovations. Millions of vehicles are equipped with or directlyExpand
Understanding fundamental effects of Cu impurity in different forms for recovered LiNi0.6Co0.2Mn0.2O2 cathode materials
Abstract When identifying and developing lithium ion battery recycling technologies, understanding the role of impurities is always a concern as they may have an impact on electrochemicalExpand
Hydrometallurgically Recycling Spent Lithium-Ion Batteries
Hydrometallurgical methods for recycling spent lithium-ion batteries (LIB) are the most major approaches for recycling spent LIBs since more than half of the recycling processes reported areExpand
Closed Loop Recycling of Electric Vehicle Batteries to Enable Ultra-high Quality Cathode Powder
TLDR
It is shown that the closed-loop recycling process can be successfully scaled up to 30 kg of spent LIBs from electric vehicle recycling streams, and the recovered cathode powder shows similar (or better) performance to equivalent commercial powder when evaluated in both coin cells and single layer pouch cells. Expand
Cathode Materials, Samples, Pristine, Layered, Doping, Discharge Capacity
LiCoO2 has been commonly used in Li-ion batteries (Li-ion batteries) designed for portable electronics as one of the earliest-emerged cathode materials. The inherent shortcomings with toxicity, lowExpand
Self-supported materials for battery technology-A review
Abstract In the last couple of decades, the largest challenge for the storing of electrical power has extended for dynamic and stationary applications. Though, the existing electrochemical systemsExpand
Recycling lithium-ion batteries from electric vehicles
TLDR
The current range of approaches to electric-vehicle lithium-ion battery recycling and re-use are outlined, areas for future progress are highlighted, and processes for dismantling and recycling lithium-ions from scrap electric vehicles are outlined. Expand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 21 REFERENCES
Synthesis of high performance LiNi 1/3 Mn 1/3 Co 1/3 O 2 from lithium ion battery recovery stream
Abstract Spent lithium ion batteries that contain valuable metal elements such as Co, Ni, Mn, Cu are being landfilled in many countries and raising resources depletion and human toxicity potentials.Expand
A closed loop process for recycling spent lithium ion batteries
Abstract As lithium ion (Li-ion) batteries continue to increase their market share, recycling Li-ion batteries will become mandatory due to limited resources. We have previously demonstrated a newExpand
Recovery of valuable elements from spent Li-batteries.
TLDR
This work examines two recycling processes for spent Li/MnO(2) and Li-ion batteries to recover lithium salts (fluoride, phosphate) and cobalt or manganese as impure precipitate. Expand
Hydrometallurgical process for recovery of metal values from spent lithium-ion secondary batteries
We report studies on the separation and recovery of metal values such as cobalt and lithium from spent lithium-ion secondary batteries. Effects of leachant concentration, temperature, reaction timeExpand
A novel method to recycle mixed cathode materials for lithium ion batteries
The rechargeable lithium ion (Li-ion) battery market was $11.8 billion in 2011 and is expected to increase to $50 billion by 2020. With developments in consumer electronics as well as hybrid andExpand
Synthesis and electrochemical performance of LiNi0.6Co0.2Mn0.2O2 as a concentration-gradient cathode material for lithium batteries
Abstract A well-ordered and spherical LiNi 0.6 Co 0.2 Mn 0.2 O 2 cathode material was successfully synthesized from Ni and Mn concentration-gradient precursors via co-precipitation. The crystalExpand
A study of the separation of cobalt from spent Li-ion battery residues
Abstract Separation of the main metals contained in spent Li-ion batteries has been investigated using a treatment route consisting of the following steps: manual dismantling, acid leaching,Expand
Synthesis and characterization of LiNi1−x−yCoxMnyO2 as the cathode materials of secondary lithium batteries
Abstract LiNi1−x−yCoxMnyO2 (0≤x≤0.5, 0≤y≤0.3) were prepared by heating Ni1−x−yCoxMny(OH)2 and LiNO3 in flowing oxygen for 10 h at 550°C, followed by another heating at 750°C. The XRD patterns ofExpand
Development of a metal recovery process from Li-ion battery wastes
Abstract A process for the recovery of lithium and cobalt from the waste of lithium ion batteries using sulfuric acid and hydrogen peroxide was proposed, and metal leaching performance wasExpand
Synthesis and characterization of Li(Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3)0.96Si0.04O1.96F0.04 as a cathode material for lithium-ion battery
Abstract The layered cathode materials of LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 were prepared at 770 °C under oxygen atmosphere using the precursor of (Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3)(OH)2 by co-precipitated method, and doped byExpand
...
1
2
3
...