Synthesis, crystal structure, chemical bonding, and physical properties of the ternary Na/Mg stannide Na2MgSn.

Abstract

A ternary stannide of sodium and magnesium, Na(2)MgSn, was synthesized from the elements, and the crystal structure was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The compound crystallizes in the Li(2)CuAs structure type (hexagonal, P6(3)/mmc, Z = 2, a = 5.0486(11) Å, c = 10.095(2) Å), and its structure is built up of two-dimensional honeycomb layers of (2)(∞)[(MgSn)(2-)] stacked along the c-axis, with Na atoms as "space fillers". First-principles computations at various levels of density functional theory (DFT) verify that the most stable configuration is the one in which Na and Mg atoms occupy the 4f and 2b sites, respectively, and thus DFT provides a necessary complement to X-ray structural elucidation. Our computations also predict that Na(2)MgSn must be a semiconductor with a small band gap. In accord with these predictions, the electrical resistivity measured for a polycrystalline sample of Na(2)MgSn is 9.6-10.4 mΩ cm in the range of 90-635 K, and the Seebeck coefficient decreases from +390 μV K(-1) (at 300 K) to +150 μV K(-1) (at 430 K).

DOI: 10.1021/ic300184d

Cite this paper

@article{Yamada2012SynthesisCS, title={Synthesis, crystal structure, chemical bonding, and physical properties of the ternary Na/Mg stannide Na2MgSn.}, author={Takahiro Yamada and Volker L Deringer and Richard Dronskowski and Hisanori Yamane}, journal={Inorganic chemistry}, year={2012}, volume={51 8}, pages={4810-6} }