Synthesis and in vitro activity of 3 beta-substituted-3 alpha-hydroxypregnan-20-ones: allosteric modulators of the GABAA receptor.

Two naturally occurring metabolites of progesterone, 3 alpha-hydroxy-5 alpha- and 5 beta-pregnan-20-one (1 and 2), are potent allosteric modulators of the GABAA receptor. Their therapeutic potential as anxiolytics, anticonvulsants, and sedative/hypnotics is limited by rapid metabolism. To avoid these shortcomings, a series of 3 beta-substituted derivatives… CONTINUE READING