Synthesis and acid-base properties of an imidazole-containing nucleotide analog, 1-(2'-deoxy-β-D-ribofuranosyl)imidazole 5'-monophosphate (dImMP(2-)).

Abstract

Deletion of the substituted pyrimidine ring in purine-2'-deoxynucleoside 5'-monophosphates leads to the artificial nucleotide analog dImMP(2-). This analog can be incorporated into DNA to yield, upon addition of Ag(+) ions, a molecular wire. Here, we measured the acidity constants of H(2)(dImMP)(±) having one proton at N(3) and one at the PO(3)(2-) group by potentiometric pH titrations in aqueous solution. The micro acidity constants show that N(3) is somewhat more basic than PO(3)(2-) and, consequently, the (H·dImMP)(-) tautomer with the proton at N(3) dominates to ca. 75%. The calculated micro acidity constants are confirmed by (31)P- and (1)H-NMR chemical shifts. The assembled data allow many quantitative comparisons, e.g., the N(3)-protonated and thus positively charged imidazole residue facilitates deprotonation of the P(O)(2)(OH)(-) group by 0.3 pK units. Information on the intrinsic site basicities also allows predictions about metal-ion binding; e.g., Mg(2+) and Mn(2+) will primarily coordinate to the phosphate group, whereas Ni(2+) and Cu(2+) will preferably bind to N(3). Macrochelate formation for these metal ions is also predicted. The micro acidity constant for N(3)H(+) deprotonation in the (H·dImMP·H)(±) species (pk(a) 6.46) and the M(n+)-binding properties are of relevance for understanding the behavior of dImMP units present in DNA hairpins and metalated duplexes.

DOI: 10.1002/cbdv.201100437

Cite this paper

@article{Megger2012SynthesisAA, title={Synthesis and acid-base properties of an imidazole-containing nucleotide analog, 1-(2'-deoxy-β-D-ribofuranosyl)imidazole 5'-monophosphate (dImMP(2-)).}, author={Nicole Megger and Silke Johannsen and Jens M{\"{u}ller and Roland K. O. Sigel}, journal={Chemistry & biodiversity}, year={2012}, volume={9 9}, pages={2050-63} }