Synergy level impedance control for multifingered hands

Abstract

In many robotic manipulation tasks a robotic hand is used to just grasp and fix the object of interest while the object motion is performed by the arm. Motivated by the analysis on human grasping using data reduction techniques, we applied this concept to the DLR Hand II. Therefore, we analyzed the grasp database that was grown over the past years to find suitable robotic “synergy coordinates”. 74% of these grasps can be represented by two coordinates that were originally defined by 12 joint variables. As a second step, a synergy impedance controller was derived and implemented extending the work on passivity based hand control at DLR. This controller for torque-controlled robot hands allows to imitate the behavior of a synergistic, respectively underactuated, hand. Such a controller provides furthermore a simplified interface for higher level grasping strategies and allows furthermore to manually teach new grasps easily. The controller was evaluated on the DLR Hand II by commanding steps that demonstrate the desired transient behavior. Finally, two objects were successfully grasped validating our approach.

DOI: 10.1109/IROS.2011.6094555

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@article{Wimbck2011SynergyLI, title={Synergy level impedance control for multifingered hands}, author={Thomas Wimb{\"{o}ck and Benjamin Jahn and Gerd Hirzinger}, journal={2011 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems}, year={2011}, pages={973-979} }