Synergy between visual and olfactory cues in nectar feeding by naı̈ve hawkmoths, Manduca sexta

@article{Raguso2002SynergyBV,
  title={Synergy between visual and olfactory cues in nectar feeding by naı̈ve hawkmoths, Manduca sexta
},
  author={Robert A. Raguso and Mark A. Willis},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
  year={2002},
  volume={64},
  pages={685-695}
}
We performed field experiments to measure the relative importance of olfactory and visual cues in nectar foraging by wild tobacco hornworm moths, Manduca sexta (Lepidoptera, Sphingidae) in the Sonoran Desert of Arizona, U.S.A. We manipulated flowers of sacred Datura (Datura wrightii; Solanaceae) to experimentally decouple floral scent from visual display and presented these cues to free-flying moths in mixed and homogeneous arrays. Moths did not feed from cloth-bagged fragrant flowers lacking… 

Synergy between visual and olfactory cues in nectar feeding by wild hawkmoths, Manduca sexta

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