Synergistic effects of direct and indirect defences on herbivore egg survival in a wild crucifer.

  title={Synergistic effects of direct and indirect defences on herbivore egg survival in a wild crucifer.},
  author={Nina E Fatouros and Ana M. Pineda and Martinus E. Huigens and Colette Broekgaarden and Methew M Shimwela and Ilich A Figueroa Candia and Patrick Verbaarschot and Tibor Bukovinszky},
  journal={Proceedings. Biological sciences},
  volume={281 1789},
Evolutionary theory of plant defences against herbivores predicts a trade-off between direct (anti-herbivore traits) and indirect defences (attraction of carnivores) when carnivore fitness is reduced. Such a trade-off is expected in plant species that kill herbivore eggs by exhibiting a hypersensitive response (HR)-like necrosis, which should then negatively affect carnivores. We used the black mustard (Brassica nigra) to investigate how this potentially lethal direct trait affects preferences… CONTINUE READING
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