Synergistic associations between hookworm and other helminth species in a rural community in Brazil

  title={Synergistic associations between hookworm and other helminth species in a rural community in Brazil},
  author={Fiona M Fleming and Simon Brooker and Stefan Michael Geiger and Iramaya Rodrigues Caldas and Rodrigo Corr{\^e}a-Oliveira and Peter Jay Hotez and Jeffrey Michael Bethony},
  journal={Tropical Medicine \& International Health},
Objective  To identify possible synergistic associations of hookworm and other helminths. 

Age patterns in undernutrition and helminth infection in a rural area of Brazil: associations with ascariasis and hookworm

Investigation of the nutritional status of individuals from a rural area of Brazil, and associations with helminth infections in an age‐stratified sample, finds no significant differences between urban and rural areas.

Prevalence of helminth infestation during pregnancy and its association with maternal anemia and low birth weight

The role of helminthes in human evolution implications for global health in the 21st century

Introduction 154 Data Compilation Methods 156 Helminthes and Early Humans 157 Nonhuman Primates 157 Prehistoric Populations 159

The Synergistic Effect of Concomitant Schistosomiasis, Hookworm, and Trichuris Infections on Children's Anemia Burden

Co-infections of hookworm and either S. japonicum or T. trichiura were associated with higher levels of anemia than would be expected if the effects of these species had only independent effects on anemia, suggesting that integrated anti-helminthic treatment programs with simultaneous deworming for S.Japonicum and some geohelminths could yield a greater than additive benefit for reducing anemia in helminth-endemic regions.

A study of the incidence of intestinal helminthic diseases and their risk factors among school Children in Lumame town, Northwest, Ethiopia

High rate infection (A. lumbricoides) was recorded among students who had dirty finger nails, large family, habit of eating undercooked vegetable, walking barefoot, and had no latrine than their respective counterpart, which could be used as a baseline for the concerned bodies to launch de-worming intervention.

Soil-Transmitted Helminths in Tropical Australia and Asia

The current state of STH infections in Australia and SEA is considered, which has resulted in a high prevalence of these helminthic infections in immigrant communities, particularly since such individuals are not screened for worm infections upon entry.

Hookworm, Ascaris lumbricoides infection and polyparasitism associated with poor cognitive performance in Brazilian schoolchildren

The relationship between hookworm and Ascaris lumbricoides infection and performance on three subsets of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children – third edition (WISC‐III) (Digit Span, Arithmetic and Coding) and Raven Colored Progressive Matrices is investigated.

Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases: Integrated Chemotherapy and Beyond

The implications of a new policy paper, which argues that the control of "the big three" diseases (HIV, TB, and malaria) should be integrated with control of the neglected tropical diseases, are discussed.

Serum CCL11 (eotaxin‐1) and CCL17 (TARC) are serological indicators of multiple helminth infections and are driven by Schistosoma mansoni infection in humans

To evaluate systemic serum cytokine and chemokine markers for inflammation and Th1/Th2 responses in relation to multiple helminth infections, parasite burden and/or nutritional status of individuals.

Ascaris lumbricoides: A Review of Its Epidemiology and Relationship to Other Infections

  • M. Scott
  • Biology
    Annales Nestlé (English ed.)
  • 2008
This review highlights advances made since 2004 in understanding the epidemiology of infection and the interactions between Ascarislumbricoides and other concurrent infections including the benefits arising from combination therapies and the evidence that intestinal nematodes impair the efficacy of childhood vaccines.



The prevalence, intensities and risk factors associated with geohelminth infection in tea‐growing communities of Assam, India

To determine the prevalence, intensity and associated risk factors for infection with Ascaris, hookworms and Trichuris in three tea‐growing communities in Assam, India, a large number of people were infected with these viruses.

The immunoepidemiology of human hookworm infection

There is increasing evidence for protective immunity in human hookworms infection, including anti‐larval IL‐5‐ and IgE‐dependent mechanisms, and for immunological interactions between hookworm infection and other diseases.

Are there interactions between schistosomes and intestinal nematodes?

Associations among multiple geohelminth species infections in schoolchildren from Pemba Island

A detailed analysis of the associations among Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and hookworm infections in 1539 schoolchildren on Pemba Island, Tanzania, suggests that individuals with multiple species infections are likely to be at highest risk of geohelminth-related morbidity.


Since the lack of latrine and of soap were identified as risk factors for infection, while latrines, soap and medicine were seen as assets by the population, it is suggested that helminth control interventions should be concentrated within these areas in this particular society.

Estimating the number of multiple-species geohelminth infections in human communities

A probabilistic model is used to predict the prevalence of multiple-species infections in communities for which only overall prevalence data exist, and is found to be more effective at estimating the numbers of multiple infections involving hookworms than those involving only A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura.

Associations between filarial and gastrointestinal nematodes.

Parasitological and serological studies on amoebiasis and other intestinal parasitic infections in the rural sector around Recife, northeast Brazil.

Test tube cultivation revealed that the most common species of hookworm in this region was Necator americanus, and also that the prevalence of Strongyloides stercoralis was 5.8%.

Multiple parasite infections and their relationship to self-reported morbidity in a community of rural Côte d'Ivoire.

The data confirm that polyparasitism is very common in rural Côte d'Ivoire and that people have clear perceptions about the morbidity caused by some of these parasitic infections, and can be used for the design and implementation of sound intervention strategies to mitigate morbidity and co-morbidity.