Synergistic Ca2+ responses by G{alpha}i- and G{alpha}q-coupled G-protein-coupled receptors require a single PLC{beta} isoform that is sensitive to both G{beta}{gamma} and G{alpha}q.


Cross-talk between Gα(i)- and Gα(q)-linked G-protein-coupled receptors yields synergistic Ca(2+) responses in a variety of cell types. Prior studies have shown that synergistic Ca(2+) responses from macrophage G-protein-coupled receptors are primarily dependent on phospholipase Cβ3 (PLCβ3), with a possible contribution of PLCβ2, whereas signaling through PLCβ4 interferes with synergy. We here show that synergy can be induced by the combination of Gβγ and Gα(q) activation of a single PLCβ isoform. Synergy was absent in macrophages lacking both PLCβ2 and PLCβ3, but it was fully reconstituted following transduction with PLCβ3 alone. Mechanisms of PLCβ-mediated synergy were further explored in NIH-3T3 cells, which express little if any PLCβ2. RNAi-mediated knockdown of endogenous PLCβs demonstrated that synergy in these cells was dependent on PLCβ3, but PLCβ1 and PLCβ4 did not contribute, and overexpression of either isoform inhibited Ca(2+) synergy. When synergy was blocked by RNAi of endogenous PLCβ3, it could be reconstituted by expression of either human PLCβ3 or mouse PLCβ2. In contrast, it could not be reconstituted by human PLCβ3 with a mutation of the Y box, which disrupted activation by Gβγ, and it was only partially restored by human PLCβ3 with a mutation of the C terminus, which partly disrupted activation by Gα(q). Thus, both Gβγ and Gα(q) contribute to activation of PLCβ3 in cells for Ca(2+) synergy. We conclude that Ca(2+) synergy between Gα(i)-coupled and Gα(q)-coupled receptors requires the direct action of both Gβγ and Gα(q) on PLCβ and is mediated primarily by PLCβ3, although PLCβ2 is also competent.

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M110.198200

Cite this paper

@article{Rebres2011SynergisticCR, title={Synergistic Ca2+ responses by G\{alpha\}i- and G\{alpha\}q-coupled G-protein-coupled receptors require a single PLC\{beta\} isoform that is sensitive to both G\{beta\}\{gamma\} and G\{alpha\}q.}, author={Robert A. Rebres and Tamara I. Roach and Iain D. C. Fraser and Finly Philip and Christina H. Moon and Keng-mean Lin and Jamie Liu and Leah A. Santat and Lucas Cheadle and Elliott M. Ross and Melvin I. Simon and William E. Seaman}, journal={The Journal of biological chemistry}, year={2011}, volume={286 2}, pages={942-51} }