Syndromes of reduced sensitivity to thyroid hormone: genetic defects in hormone receptors, cell transporters and deiodination.

@article{Refetoff2007SyndromesOR,
  title={Syndromes of reduced sensitivity to thyroid hormone: genetic defects in hormone receptors, cell transporters and deiodination.},
  author={Samuel Refetoff and Alexandra Mihaela Dumitrescu},
  journal={Best practice & research. Clinical endocrinology & metabolism},
  year={2007},
  volume={21 2},
  pages={277-305}
}
At least six major steps are required for secreted thyroid hormone (TH) to exert its action on target tissues. Mutations interfering with three of these steps have been so far identified. The first recognized defect, which causes resistance to TH, involves the TH receptor beta gene and has been given the acronym RTH. Occurring in approximately 1 per 40,000 newborns, more than 1000 affected subjects, from 339 families, have been identified. The gene defect remains unknown in 15% of subjects with… CONTINUE READING
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