Syncope in advanced heart failure: high risk of sudden death regardless of origin of syncope.

@article{Middlekauff1993SyncopeIA,
  title={Syncope in advanced heart failure: high risk of sudden death regardless of origin of syncope.},
  author={Holly R. Middlekauff and William Gregory Stevenson and Lynne Warner Stevenson and Leslie Anne Saxon},
  journal={Journal of the American College of Cardiology},
  year={1993},
  volume={21 1},
  pages={110-6}
}
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to assess the importance of syncope as a warning sign for sudden death in advanced heart failure and to determine the relative importance of cardiac syncope and syncope from other causes. BACKGROUND Despite remarkable advances in the pharmacologic approach to advanced heart failure, 20% to 40% of patients with advanced heart failure will die each year. In such patients, the relation between sudden death and the etiology of syncope has not been… CONTINUE READING
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