Synchronous interaction among hundreds: an evaluation of a conference in an avatar-based virtual environment

@article{Erickson2011SynchronousIA,
  title={Synchronous interaction among hundreds: an evaluation of a conference in an avatar-based virtual environment},
  author={Thomas Erickson and N. Sadat Shami and Wendy A. Kellogg and David W. Levine},
  journal={Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems},
  year={2011}
}
This paper presents the first in-depth evaluation of a large multi-format virtual conference. The conference took place in an avatar-based 3D virtual world with spatialized audio, and had keynote, poster and social sessions. We studied it by drawing on logs, a survey and interviews with 30 participants. We develop a model - Coalescence, Focused Interaction, Remixing (CoFIRe) -- of large synchronous interactions, and use it to discuss how the technology supported, or failed to support, the… 

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