The influences of pyramidal tract stimulation on the activity of neurons in the pericruciate cortex were investigated on 423 neurons (81 neurons were studied intracellularly and 342--extracellularly), 78 of them having background activity. Pyramidal stimulation is shown to evoke not only antidromic spikes (0.5-16.0 ms latency) in the pyramidal cells, but also lateral and recurrent PSPs in the pyramidal and unidentified units of all cortical layers. IPSPs were observed in 46.7% of the investigated neurons, EPSPs--in 21.0%, mixed responces--in 26.0%. The latency of IPSPs was 1.5-14.0 ms, their amplitude ranged from 1.3 to 17.0 mV, the duration of the rising phase varied from 4 to 18 ms and the whole duration was 18-120 ms reaching sometimes 250-500 ms. In 30% of cases it was possible to divide the IPSPs into two phases: a fast one with a duration of 10-20 ms and a slow one. The latency of IPSPs was 2.6-19.0 ms, their amplitude--1.0--7.8 mV and duration--from 10.0 to 50.0 ms. The antidromic discharge in the pyramidal tract inhibited the background activity for 200-400 ms in 51.2% of spontaneously active units; acceleration was observed in 19.5% and mixed effect in 7.4% of units. The participation of pyramidal axonal collaterals and cortical interneurons in generation of the described processes is discussed.