Synaptic Plasticity Enables Adaptive Self-Tuning Critical Networks

  title={Synaptic Plasticity Enables Adaptive Self-Tuning Critical Networks},
  author={Nigel Stepp and Dietmar Plenz and Narayan Srinivasa},
  booktitle={PLoS Computational Biology},
During rest, the mammalian cortex displays spontaneous neural activity. Spiking of single neurons during rest has been described as irregular and asynchronous. In contrast, recent in vivo and in vitro population measures of spontaneous activity, using the LFP, EEG, MEG or fMRI suggest that the default state of the cortex is critical, manifested by spontaneous, scale-invariant, cascades of activity known as neuronal avalanches. Criticality keeps a network poised for optimal information… CONTINUE READING
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