Symptoms of posttraumatic stress, depression, and anxiety as predictors of suicidal ideation among South African university students.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To investigate the 2-week prevalence of suicidal ideations and their associations to symptoms of posttraumatic stress, depression, and anxiety among South African university students. PARTICIPANTS Data were collected from 1,337 students between May and August 2013. METHODS Hierarchical regression analysis was used to investigate the relationship between suicidal ideation and symptoms of posttraumatic stress, depression, and anxiety. RESULTS Rates of suicidal ideation are higher among university students in South Africa than among the general population of the country and student populations in other parts of the world. Symptoms of depression and exposure to trauma predict suicidal ideation Conclusions: Findings bring into focus the high rates of suicidal ideation among a sample of university students in South African and the need for more research to investigate the psychosocial correlates of this phenomena within the cultural context of the country, especially given the correlation between suicidal ideation and other poor health outcomes.

DOI: 10.1080/07448481.2016.1178120

Cite this paper

@article{Bantjes2016SymptomsOP, title={Symptoms of posttraumatic stress, depression, and anxiety as predictors of suicidal ideation among South African university students.}, author={Jason Bantjes and Ashraf Kagee and Taryn McGowan and Henry R Steel}, journal={Journal of American college health : J of ACH}, year={2016}, volume={64 6}, pages={429-37} }