Symptom-related changes of endocannabinoid and palmitoylethanolamide levels in brain areas of R6/2 mice, a transgenic model of Huntington's disease.

Abstract

Previous studies have shown an impairment of the endocannabinoid system in experimental models of Huntington's disease. In transgenic R6/2 mice, created by inserting exon 1 of the human IT15 mutant gene into the mouse, and exhibiting 150 CAG repeats as well as signs of HD, a progressive decline of CB(1) receptor expression and an abnormal sensitivity to CB(1) receptor stimulation have been reported. Here, by using isotope-dilution liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, we investigated whether the levels of three endogenous neuroprotective substances, the endocannabinoids anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), and palmitoylethanolamide (PEA), are altered in different brain areas of transgenic R6/2 versus wild-type (WT) mice at two different disease phases, i.e. in pre-symptomatic (4.5 weeks) or overtly symptomatic (10 weeks) R6/2 mice versus age-matched WT mice (n=4/group). Except for a approximately 25% decrease in 2-AG levels in the cortex, no significant changes in endocannabinoid and PEA levels were observed in pre-symptomatic R6/2 versus WT mice. By contrast, in symptomatic R6/2 mice the levels of all three compounds were significantly (approximately 30-60%) decreased in the striatum, whereas little changes were observed in the hippocampus, and a approximately 28% decrease of 2-AG levels, accompanied by a approximately 50% increase of AEA levels, was found in the cortex. These findings show that endocannabinoid levels change in a disease phase- and region-specific way in the brain of R6/2 mice and indicate that an impaired endocannabinoid system is a hallmark of symptomatic HD, thus suggesting that drugs inhibiting endocannabinoid degradation might be used to treat this disease.

01002002008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Citations per Year

507 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 507 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@article{Bisogno2008SymptomrelatedCO, title={Symptom-related changes of endocannabinoid and palmitoylethanolamide levels in brain areas of R6/2 mice, a transgenic model of Huntington's disease.}, author={Tiziana Bisogno and Alberto Martire and Stefania Petrosino and Patrizia Popoli and Vincenzo Di Marzo}, journal={Neurochemistry international}, year={2008}, volume={52 1-2}, pages={307-13} }