Symptom pattern and pathophysiological correlates of weight loss in tertiary-referred functional dyspepsia.

Abstract

In patients with gastrointestinal symptoms, weight loss is an alarm symptom, indicative of organic disease. Recent studies reported weight loss in subsets of functional dyspepsia (FD) patients. The aim of this study was to analyse symptom patterns associated with weight loss in tertiary care FD. Six hundred and thirty-six FD patients (67% female, mean age 43 years) completed a dyspepsia questionnaire, and underwent gastric emptying and gastric barostat studies. After identifying independent symptom domains through orthogonal factor analysis, patients were clustered on the basis of symptom profile. Clusters were compared in terms of their association with weight loss and gastric emptying or sensorimotor function. Weight loss (4.2 kg on average) correlated most strongly with early satiety followed by nausea and vomiting (rho respectively 0.38, 0.28 and 0.23, all P < 0.0001). Factor analysis revealed three factors: Factor 1 characterized by nausea, vomiting and early satiety; factor 2 by early satiety, postprandial fullness and bloating; and factor 3 by pain, epigastric burning and belching. Subsequent cluster analysis revealed six patient clusters. The most severe cluster, which loaded high on all three factors, and a cluster dominated factor 2 were associated with the highest average weight loss (6.8 and 8.0 kg, respectively). The former cluster was also characterized by visceral hypersensitivity and delayed gastric emptying. The lowest weight loss occurred in the two clusters that had depressed scores for both early satiety associated factors (2.4 and 2.5 kg, respectively). In tertiary care FD, weight loss is strongly associated with two early satiety associated symptom clusters.

DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2982.2008.01240.x
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@article{Tack2010SymptomPA, title={Symptom pattern and pathophysiological correlates of weight loss in tertiary-referred functional dyspepsia.}, author={Jan Tack and Michael Peyton Jones and George P. Karamanolis and B. Coulie and Daniel Dubois}, journal={Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society}, year={2010}, volume={22 1}, pages={29-35, e4-5} }