Symptom management and self-care for peripheral neuropathy in HIV/AIDS

  title={Symptom management and self-care for peripheral neuropathy in HIV/AIDS},
  author={Patrice K. Nicholas and Jeanne K. Kemppainen and Gladys Eugenia Canaval and Inge B Corless and Elizabeth F. Sefcik and Kathleen M. Nokes and Catherine A Bain and Kenn M. Kirksey and Lucille Sanzero Eller and Pamela J Dole and M. J. Hamilton and Christopher Lance Coleman and William L. Holzemer and Nancy R. Reynolds and Carmen J. Portillo and Eli Haugen Bunch and Dean Wantland and Joachim G. Voss and Ruby S. C. Phillips and Yun-Fang Tsai and Marta Rivero Mendez and Teri G Lindgren and Sheila M. Davis and Donna M. Gallagher},
  journal={AIDS Care},
  pages={179 - 189}
Abstract Peripheral neuropathy is the most common neurological complication in HIV and is often associated with antiretroviral therapy. As part of a larger study on self-care for symptoms in HIV disease, this study analyzed the prevalence and characteristics of peripheral neuropathy in HIV disease, sociodemographic and disease-related correlates and self-care strategies. A convenience sample of 1,217 respondents was recruited from data collection sites in several US cities, Puerto Rico… 
Prevalence, self-care behaviors, and self-care activities for peripheral neuropathy symptoms of HIV/AIDS.
The study's results suggest that peripheral neuropathy is a common symptom and the presence of Neuropathy is associated with self-care behaviors to ameliorate HIV symptoms, and the implications for nursing practice include the assessment and evaluation of nursing interventions related to management strategies for neuropathy.
Unhealthy behaviours for self-management of HIV-related peripheral neuropathy
Analysis of the prevalence and characteristics of unhealthy behaviours to self-manage peripheral neuropathy in HIV disease found substance use was one of the most frequent self-management strategies for participants from Norway and implications for clinical practice include assessment and education of persons with HIV for self-care management of the complex symptom of peripheral neuroopathy.
Peripheral Neuropathy in HIV: An Analysis of Evidence‐based Approaches
Distal sensory polyneuropathy in the context of HIV/AIDS.
Diagnosing and treating HIV-associated sensory neuropathy: a global perspective.
It is suggested most HIV-SN cases are easily recognized using clinical screening tools, with physician assessment and/or specialized testing prioritized for atypical cases.
Peripheral neuropathy and quality of life of adults living with HIV/AIDS in the Rulindo district of Rwanda
  • J. BiragumaA. Rhoda
  • Medicine, Psychology
    SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
  • 2012
A high prevalence of neuropathy among PLWH attending the outpatients’ clinic at Rutongo Hospital and patients with neuropathy had lower QoL scores in the physical and psychological domains than those without neuropathy symptoms indicate the management of PLWH should include interventions to optimiseQoL.
Self-Management of Oxaliplatin-Related Peripheral Neuropathy in Colorectal Cancer Survivors
To evaluate medications that cancer survivors with oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy take to control neuropathic symptom, and to explore self-management techniques used at home to provide temporary relief of painful neuropathy, a mixed methods, descriptive, cross-sectional study is conducted.
Marijuana Effectiveness as an HIV Self-Care Strategy
A sub-analysis of the efficacy of a symptom management manual encompasses the experiences of participants from sites in the U.S., Africa, and Puerto Rico to examine differences in the use and efficacy of marijuana as compared with prescribed and over-the-counter medications.
Update of HIV-Associated Sensory Neuropathies
Trends in the changing epidemiology in HIV-SN, new data regarding the pathophysiology of the condition, and approaches to management are discussed, including use of analgesic therapies with proven efficacy in other neuropathic pain conditions is appropriate, bearing in consideration potential pharmacokinetic interactions with the cART regimen.


Self-care management for neuropathy in HIV disease
Results of the study indicated that respondents with peripheral neuropathy identified 77 self-care behaviours including complementary therapies, use of medications, exercise and rest and/or elevation of extremities.
Cannabis use in HIV for pain and other medical symptoms.
HIV peripheral neuropathy: pathophysiology and clinical implications.
A more thorough understanding of the etiology and pathophysiology underlying nucleoside-induced peripheral neuropathy will aid in the development of new therapeutic treatments aimed at alleviating or ameliorating pain.
Peripheral neuropathy in individuals with HIV infection in Zimbabwe
The pattern and frequency of neuropathies seen in the African population is similar to that reported from other continents.
HIV-Related Neurological Syndromes Reduce Health-Related Quality of Life
These studies indicate that while HIV-related neurological diseases are associated with reduced HRQoL scores, enhanced neurological care has a positive impact on HIV/AIDS patients' overall well-being.
The reliability and validity of the subjective peripheral neuropathy screen.
  • J. McArthur
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care : JANAC
  • 1998
Distal sensory polyneuropathy in a cohort of HIV-infected children over five years of age.
Peripheral neuropathy occurs in one third of HIV-infected children, and, in general, has less severe features than the distal sensory polyneuropathy described in adults.
HIV-associated peripheral neuropathy: epidemiology, pathophysiology and treatment.
Rapid diagnosis and treatment with anti-CMV therapy are necessary to prevent irreversible neurological deficits resulting from nerve root necrosis, although these diagnoses are often overlooked or mis diagnosed.
Coping strategies of HIV patients with peripheral neuropathy
It is demonstrated that coping strategies may differ according to age, gender, and ethnic background in an HIV population, and that Catastrophizing predicts distress and interference with functioning in this sample.