Symposium overview--Food addiction: fact or fiction?

@article{Corwin2009SymposiumOA,
  title={Symposium overview--Food addiction: fact or fiction?},
  author={Rebecca L W Corwin and Patricia S. Grigson},
  journal={The Journal of nutrition},
  year={2009},
  volume={139 3},
  pages={
          617-9
        }
}
Food addiction is a pervasive, yet controversial, topic that has gained recent attention in both lay media and the scientific literature. The goal of this series of articles is to use a combination of preclinical and clinical data to determine whether foods, like drugs of abuse, can be addictive, the conditions under which the addiction develops, and the underlying neurophysiological substrates. Operational definitions of addiction that have been used in the treatment of human disorders and to… 
Sugar, addiction and obesity
This review begins with an in-depth analysis of the medical concept of addiction and then describes recent research on food and sugar addiction and its role in obesity. Clinical research has
Overlaps in the nosology of substance abuse and overeating: the translational implications of "food addiction".
TLDR
The utility of the concept of "food addiction" as it may relate to treating certain disordered eating behaviors is discussed, and preclinical data revealing that the addiction-like behavioral changes observed in response to overeating are concomitant with neurochemical changes that are similar to those observed in Response to drugs of abuse are discussed.
Food addiction: true or false?
TLDR
Findings may serve to validate the perception of food addiction in patients and inform psychoeducational, cognitive-behavioral, and/or pharmacological treatment for chronic food cravings, compulsive overeating, and binge eating that may represent a phenotype of obesity.
Compulsive Overeating as an Addictive Behavior: Overlap Between Food Addiction and Binge Eating Disorder
  • C. Davis
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Current Obesity Reports
  • 2013
TLDR
It is concluded that overeating may best be viewed along a dimension reflecting degrees of severity and compulsiveness and that the high end of the continuum marks the clinically significant impairment seen in BED.
From Passive Overeating to “Food Addiction”: A Spectrum of Compulsion and Severity
TLDR
Evidence is provided that what has come to call “food addiction” may simply be a more acute and pathologically dense form of BED, in the context of the modern and “toxic” food environment and therein the ubiquitous triggers for over-consumption.
Towards an Animal Model of Food Addiction
TLDR
Evidence from literature regarding food addiction-like behavior and future experiments are suggested that could further contribute to the understanding of behavioral and neural commonalities and differences between obesity and drug addiction.
Does Food Addiction Exist? A Phenomenological Discussion Based on the Psychiatric Classification of Substance-Related Disorders and Addiction
TLDR
It is of interest to point out that the hormone leptin in itself has a pronounced effect on the reward system, thus suggesting an indirect link between overeating and ‘chemical’ addiction, and leptin-deficient individuals could be classified as fulfilling criteria for food addiction.
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References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 15 REFERENCES
Sugar and fat bingeing have notable differences in addictive-like behavior.
TLDR
It is discussed how fat may be the macronutrient that results in excess body weight, and sweet taste in the absence offat may be largely responsible for producing addictive-like behaviors that include a withdrawal syndrome.
Food addiction in humans.
  • M. Pelchat
  • Biology, Medicine
    The Journal of nutrition
  • 2009
TLDR
Healthy, normal weight individuals, by definition, do not suffer from food addiction; however, overweight and obese individuals could meet clinical criteria.
Carrot addiction.
  • R. Kaplan
  • Medicine, Psychology
    The Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry
  • 1996
TLDR
Compusive carrot eating, regarded as a rare condition, has received scant documentation, unlike hypercarotenemia due to unusual diets or food fads, but nervousness, craving, insomnia, waterbrash and irritability are associated with withdrawal from excessive carrot eating.
The treatment of eating disorders as addiction among adolescent females
  • Arthur S. Trotzky
  • Psychology, Medicine
    International journal of adolescent medicine and health
  • 2002
TLDR
The Israel Counseling and Treatment Center of the North has been treating eating disorders as addictive disease by applying the twelve step program of the Anonymous Fellowships as an adjunct to counseling and treatment for those who suffer from compulsive overeating and bulimia.
How to make a rat addicted to cocaine
Homeostatic and hedonic signals interact in the regulation of food intake.
TLDR
This article reviews the extensive research that has identified several mechanisms by which repeated exposure to drugs of abuse alters neuronal function and increases the motivational incentive to obtain and use these substances and discusses the clinical implications in the context of obesity and neuropsychiatric syndromes such as bulimia nervosa and Prader-Willi syndrome.
Evidence for Addiction-like Behavior in the Rat
TLDR
It is reported that behaviors that resemble three of the essential diagnostic criteria for addiction appear over time in rats trained to self-administer cocaine.
Neurobiological evidence for hedonic allostasis associated with escalating cocaine use
TLDR
It is shown in rats that repeated withdrawals from prolonged cocaine self-administration produces a persistent decrease in brain reward function that is highly correlated with escalation of cocaine intake and that reduces the hedonic impact of cocaine.
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