Sympathetic neural regulation of heart rate is robust against high plasma catecholamines.


The sympathetic regulation of heart rate (HR) may be attained by neural and humoral factors. With respect to the humoral factor, plasma noradrenaline (NA) and adrenaline (Adr) can reportedly increase to levels approximately 10 times higher than resting level during severe exercise. Whether such high plasma NA or Adr interfered with the sympathetic neural… (More)