Symbols and the world system: National anthems and flags

  title={Symbols and the world system: National anthems and flags},
  author={Karen A. Cerulo},
  journal={Sociological Forum},
When one examines current national anthems and flags, one finds a great deal of variety. What explains this variation? Possible factors include a nation's world-system position and its degree of modernization. Specifically, I analyze the ways in which world-system position and modernization affect the design or configuration—the syntactic structure—of the symbols national leaders adopt to convey their nation's identity. Findings reveal a link between a nation's world-system position and the… 

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